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Russian Federation - Overview

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The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on maps, graphics and publications do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.

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Please note that this country profile has been prepared by the Secretariat on the basis of information provided in the NBSAP and national reports, but has not been reviewed by the Party concerned.

Biodiversity Facts

Status and trends of biodiversity, including benefits from biodiversity and ecosystem services

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

The Russian Federation occupies a vast territory (17 million km2), making it the world’s largest country in terms of area. The ecosystems of Russia are very diverse, including polar deserts, tundra, forest tundra, taiga, mixed and broad-leaved forests, forest steppe, steppe, semi-desert and subtropics... More »

Main pressures on and drivers of change to biodiversity (direct and indirect)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

The main threats in the Arctic zone are (in order of priority): pollution (industrial waste, air pollutant, oil, heavy metals, chemical and radioactive pollutant), anthropogenic activities (oil extraction, gas production, poaching, deterioration of the environment and of traditional nature management conditions), climate change, land degradation, deteriorated land use conditions... More »

Measures to Enhance Implementation of the Convention

Implementation of the NBSAP

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

The priorities of the National Strategy of Biodiversity Conservation in Russia were defined as: species and ecosystems conservation while focusing on priorities, challenging economics and other activities, and developing the Network of Specially Protected Natural, Historical and Cultural Territories... More »

Actions taken to achieve the 2020 Aichi Biodiversity Targets

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

The entirely natural ecosystems of Russia and their biological diversity are conserved in nearly 15,000 specially protected natural territories of various statuses, occupying more than 10% of the country’s area... More »

Support mechanisms for national implementation (legislation, funding, capacity-building, coordination, mainstreaming, etc.)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Russia possesses a high level of capacity in terms of elite specialists in the fields of biology, taxonomy, ecology, forestry and geography (knowledge fields necessary for implementing the National Strategy of Biodiversity Conservation)... More »

Mechanisms for monitoring and reviewing implementation

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Russian fundamental (Russian Academy of Sciences) and sectoral (forest, environment, agriculture, game, fishery) sciences established the terms for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, as well as for its identification, state assessment and monitoring... More »

National Contacts

Full details of national contacts »

Convention on Biological Diversity

Mr. Akhmed Musaev
CBD Primary NFP
Dr. Irina Merzlyakova
CHM NFP
Dr. Yuri Gorbunov
GSPC NFP

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Ministry of Industry, Science and Technologies
Cartagena Protocol Primary NFP, BCH NFP

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  • United Nations Environment Programme