Contributions to the Sharm El-Sheikh to Kunming Action Agenda for Nature and People can be on any scale and level, and come from all sectors and stakeholders.

Importantly, actions need to be scientifically sound and biodiversity relevant. Thus a commitment or action would serve to contribute to at least one of the three objectives of the Convention on Biological Diversity (the conservation of biodiversity, the sustainable use of its components and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources). They may promote nature-based solutions, restore biodiversity health in some way, and ultimately inspires others to act.

Commitments can include large scale actions like restoring degraded ecosystems or setting aside protected areas to individual actions such as planting pollen and nectar plants. They could also contain targeted measures addressing direct or indirect causes of biodiversity loss, or the achievement of measurable conservation and sustainable use objectives.

Actors wishing to submit actions may consider the following points:

• Actions are voluntary.

• Actions should contribute to long-term sustainable development.

• Actions should be tangible and measurable, and contribute to the transformational changes needed to achieve short-term progress to 2020 as well as the long-term 2050 Vision of Living in Harmony with Nature. The existing Aichi Biodiversity Targets could serve as a guide for action.

• Actions should showcase ways and means to go beyond the current 2020 targets.

• Actions may build upon existing cross-sectoral initiatives, such as those to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals, the objectives of the Paris Agreement and the land degradation neutrality goal under the UN Convention to Combat Desertification, among others.

• Actions could also depict ways and means to support the mainstreaming of biodiversity considerations across productive sectors addressed at COP13 and COP14.