The term capacity development
is defined by the United Nations Development Group (UNDG)
as the process whereby people, organisations and society as a whole unleash, strengthen, create, adapt and maintain the ability to manage their affairs over time. Any intervention or activity purposely designed to contribute to the development or strengthening of the capabilities of people, institutions and systems is considered to be capacity-building.
Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity
(CBD), the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety
and the Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit-sharing
, have identified capacity building and development as a priority for the effective implementation of these three instruments, as well as the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020
and its Aichi Biodiversity Targets
The CBD Secretariat has adopted a strategic, integrated and results-oriented approach to capacity development in accordance with decision XIII/23
of the Conference of the Parties (COP). Under this approach, it is recognized that the choice of tools and methodologies for delivering capacity development varies according to the needs and contexts of the target audience, and that the involvement of partner organizations and stakeholders is crucial to the success of any capacity development intervention.
The main role of the CBD Secretariat
is to coordinate and facilitate capacity-building support to Parties for the effective implementation of the Convention and its Protocols, in accordance with relevant COP and COP-MOP decisions.