Country Profiles

Brunei Darussalam - Country Profile

The national targets (or equivalent) presented in this database are taken from the NBSAPs received since COP-10, fifth national reports or from documents submitted separately. The mapping of national targets to the Aichi Biodiversity Targets by the Party concerned is indicated in the last column “Related Aichi Target(s)”. All Parties are encouraged to undertake this mapping exercise and to submit this information to SCBD for incorporation in this database.

Reference Target Related Strategic Goals/Aichi Targets
1.0 Biological Diversity (Terrestrial & Aquatic Biodiversity) Resource Planning & Management
To investigate, monitor and assess the full range of biological diversity, population and distribution within the Brunei Heart of Borneo area, and forests and marine ecosystems nationwide;
To establish a biodiversity database on different forests, ecosystem types and marine ecology of Brunei Darussalam to complement the existing or available databases in the country;
To provide information to relevant agencies for better protection, conservation and sustainable development of biodiversity to support the national economic diversification activities;
To incorporate biodiversity conservation and protection, and ecologically sound planning processes into all development activities and practices recognizing the limits of natural resources;
To enhance and sustain the biological distribution and populations of species through species enrichment, propagation or transplanting techniques.
To apply adaptive management and ecological strategies to aid the recovery process for certain species in order to reach optimum species population within the specific ecosystem(s).
2.0 Protection and Management of Brunei HoB area and Other Reserved Areas
To document, map and legalize the boundary of designated Brunei HoB area (58% of the total land) and other protected areas of high biodiversity value such as reserved forests and marine protected area (MPA);
To maintain forest connectivity and ecological corridors within the designated HoB through reforestation of degraded areas;
To provide comprehensive and scientific protection and management information to relevant agencies on the conservation roles of selected forest or marine sites prior to other sectoral development projects and activities;
To provide scientific information for the improved protection of selected sites of special biological and geological (landscape and seascape) interest;
To provide information and scientific references for the periodical improvement, amendment and revision of existing laws and regulations as well as boundaries of protected areas.
3.0 Sustainable Natural Resources Management
To provide comprehensive guiding principles on the management and protection of natural resources inside and outside the HoB area.
To provide consultation and technical advice to the sectors concerned to address the biodiversity conservation agenda in their respective management plans to ensure the sustainable utilization of natural resources within the HoB boundary and protected or areas of high potential;
To establish tripartite trans-boundary cooperation to address issues of management of natural resources in the border areas
4.0 Brunei HoB national communication strategy & Outreach program
To provide development and research opportunities for postgraduate students and government officials in the field of biodiversity conservation and management;
To increase and sustain all communities’ support for the government’s initiatives as to enhance the effectiveness of such programs and collective biodiversity governance;
To institutionalize biodiversity and environmental education at all levels of education;
To establish the Brunei HoB Biodiversity field course.
5.0 Development of Nature and Ecotourism
To promote appreciation of the rich biodiversity and biological resources of sites in the country to aid the economic diversification of the country through enhanced nature and ecotourism products and related niche products;
To enhance the conservation value of identified nature and ecotourism sites through joint Research and Development programs;
To protect and promote the knowledge of local and indigenous communities and their traditional cultures.
6.0 Research and Development Physical Infrastructures
To develop centres (Tropical Biodiversity Centre, Marine Biodiversity Centre, Traditional Herbal Research Centre), laboratories and preservation areas to support culture and information collection and related research activities;
To create in-situ or ex-situ living display sites comprising of representatives of the biologically diversity ecosystems found in marine protected areas and protected coral reefs;
To provide and facilitate the development of biological databases in each centre that comply with national and international standards and are in line with the advancement of information, communication and technology (ICT).
7.0 SOPs, Protocols and Guidelines for BRC labs and Culture Collection
To ensure BRC operations and activities meet all relevant national and international standards and obligations;
To develop material transfer agreement (MTA), terms and conditions and regulatory measures regarding the transfer of material for further R&D and related activities under agreed project implementation framework by concerned parties; and
To ensure high standard of safety in all operations and procedures practiced by the local and foreign researchers.
8.0 BRC Operational capacity, services efficiency and effectiveness
To increase R & D efficiency in terms of desired and deliverable outputs of all R & D activities in priorities areas;
To continue to improve the structure and operational activities of BRC in accordance with international standards and frameworks;
To implement and improve Human Resource Development (HRD) through joint projects, cooperation, training , seminars, workshops, conferences meetings, networking and collaborative projects;
To continue to explore more joint R & D with other foreign research institutions and facilitate the exchange of information and expertise;
To continue to improve and enrich BRC collection and repository into the database to meet international standards for national and international references;
9.0 International recognition and prestige
To increase the relevance of established centres ( BRC, TBC, MBC and THRC) to all international forums & agendas through active participation in all related international forums;
To observe the international standards, obligations and frameworks on sustainable development and wise use of biological resources;
To establish International links and increase the globalisation of businesses;
10. Development of TBC, BRC, MBC, THRC Physical infrastructures & educational displays for Biodiversity promotion and education
To ensure the right message of biodiversity conservation and its wise use reaches the target group;
To increase interest and awareness of biological and conservational issues within the general public through interactive activities organized to nurture their continuous support;
To develop cost effective techniques, resources and display items for educational visits;
11.0 Biodiversity- Educational Awareness
To sustain the support of the community for the biodiversity conservation policy and resource strategy;
To instill and nurture the sense of belonging of all generations through a series of modules at respective education levels:- KG/ primary level, secondary and upper secondary and above;
Applying best national and international practices for delivering messages about biodiversity;
To fill the gap in biological expertise through creation of educational opportunities and career development;
12.0 Excellence in Biodiversity-Educational Program for International Prestige
To generate responsible and knowledgeable future generations to safeguard the nation’s biodiversity;
To be in line with international biodiversity awareness initiatives
13.0 Establishment of Traditional and Herbal Research Centre for the preservation of indigenous knowledge on plant use and its potential commercial purpose
To promote and facilitate research activities on the conservation and use of traditional herbal in the country;
To establish a traditional herbal and medicine database for national and international reference purposes to work towards their commercial production;
To institutionalize the traditional herbal practices by community groups and potential private sector parties for the future management and wise-use of herbal;
To preserve the local knowledge on the use and management of wild traditional herbal and to maintain the culture of traditional herbalist through informal education;
To improve the general public’s scientific knowledge about the use of wild plants as traditional herbal species;
To strengthen institutional capacity through cross-sectoral and joint collaborations in the priority areas relating to traditional herbal use;
To participate in regional initiatives and strengthen collaboration with international organizations and institutions involved with management and conservation of wild herbal;
To document all data obtained from the study of traditional herbal for information sharing and exchange and equal access to opportunities for their development by all sectors and societies in the country;
To provide technical advice to potential private sector groups in the commercial management and mass production of traditional herbals.