Country Profiles

Eritrea - Country Profile

The national targets (or equivalent) presented in this database are taken from the NBSAPs received since COP-10, fifth national reports or from documents submitted separately. The mapping of national targets to the Aichi Biodiversity Targets by the Party concerned is indicated in the last column “Related Aichi Target(s)”. All Parties are encouraged to undertake this mapping exercise and to submit this information to SCBD for incorporation in this database.

Reference Target Related Strategic Goals/Aichi Targets
Target 1 By 2020, at least 25% of the population have a basic knowledge of biodiversity and are aware of its significance and their own opportunities to contribute to its conservation and sustainable use.
Target 2 By 2020, biodiversity values have been mainstreamed into national and sector development plans. The goal of conserving biodiversity has also been integrated into decision-making on plans, programmes and projects.
Target 3 By 2020, incentives and subsidies harmful to biodiversity have been identified and reformed, and economic controls related to biodiversity have been enhanced, taking into account the traditional use of forest products and socio-economic conditions.
Target 4 By 2020, an ecologically sustainable system of production and consumption is established based on sustainable practices with appropriate investments.
Target 5 By 2020, at least 10% of the losses of natural habitats, degradation and fragmentation of ecosystems have been reduced.
Target 6 By 2020, major marine biotic and coastal resources are managed and utilized in a sustainable manner, and the concept of maximum sustainable yield (MSY) and Ecosystem-based concept is applied in fisheries.
Target 7 By 2020, areas under agriculture and forestry are managed and utilized sustainably using agricultural land use master plan to ensuring conservation of biodiversity.
Target 8 By 2020, pollution, including from excess nutrients, has been brought to levels that are not detrimental to ecosystem function and biodiversity.
Target 9 By 2020, invasive alien species and their pathways have been critically studied and prioritized, with the most harmful species brought under control through sustainable utilization and management programmes.
Target 10 By 2020, the multiple anthropogenic pressures on coral reefs, and other vulnerable ecosystems impacted by climate change are minimized, so as to maintain their integrity and functioning.
Target 11 By 2020, at least 10% of the national territory, set-aside for Protected Area System for Conservation of Biodiversity and Mitigation of Land Degradation.
Target 12 By 2020, the extinction of threatened species has been prevented and the conservation statuses of those most threatened have been improved, with declining trends significantly reduced.
Target 13 By 2020, the genetic diversity of cultivated plants and domesticated animals as well as culturally valuable species is maintained, and safeguarding their genetic diversity.
Target 14 By 2020, ecosystems that provide essential services, that contribute to livelihoods and well-being of people, are restored and safeguarded.
Target 15 By 2020, ecosystem resilience and the contribution of biodiversity to carbon stocks has been enhanced, through conservation and restoration of degraded ecosystems, thereby contributing to climate change mitigation and adaptation and combating desertification.
Target 16 By 2015, the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization is ratified and forced consistent with national legislation.
Target 17 By 2015, Eritrea has developed, adopted as a policy instrument, and has commenced implementing an effective, participatory and updated national biodiversity strategy and action plan.
Target 18 By 2020, the traditional knowledge and practices relevant for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, and sustainable use of biological resources are respected, subject to national legislation and relevant international obligations.
Target 19 By 2020, knowledge, the science base and technologies relating to biodiversity, its values, functioning, status and trends, and the consequences of its loss, are improved, widely shared and transferred, and applied.
Target 20 By 2020, the mobilization of financial resources for effectively implementing the Strategic Plan 2011- 2020 from all sources should increase in accordance with the consolidated Strategy for Resource Mobilization.
E-Target 1 Developed integrated action frameworks on the control of excessive firewood collection and construction wood that impact biodiversity resources, in a manner that enhances sustainable use of nature resources.
E-Target 2 By 2020, the use of alternative energy should be increased and pressure on forests significantly reduced.
E-Target 3 By 2020, at least 25% of grazer populations have developed the capacity to reduce overgrazing/over browsing.
E-Target 4 By 2020, the extinction of threatened species has been prevented and the conservation status of those most threatened and endangered of flora and fauna have been improved, with declining trends significantly reduced.
E-Target 5 By 2020, at least 25% of catchment sites and degraded lands of high biodiversity hotspots are rehabilitated within the terrestrial ecosystem.
E-Target 6 Develop an integrated action plan of implementation to reduce the expansion of alien species through control mechanisms and sustainable utilization.
E-Target 7 By 2020, mangrove forest and associated coastal forest degradation and loss would have been significantly reduced.
E-Target 8 By 2020, all sources of coastal, marine and island pollution should be effectively controlled to reduce pollution and mitigate its impact on the ecosystem.
E-Target 9 By 2020, Coastal Erosion should be greatly reduced and eroded coastal beaches rehabilitated.
E-Target 10 By 2020, all coral reefs in the Eritrean Red Sea are identified to a species level and status of natural and human induced degradations regularly monitored.
E-Target 11 By 2020, Alien Invasive Species in the Coastal, Marine and Islands (CMI) are controlled and monitored.
E-Target 12 By 2020, Rare, Endangered and Threatened species of both marine flora and fauna species are protected, conserved and rehabilitated.
E-Target 13 Public awareness on the Importance and sustainable use of agricultural biodiversity increased by 10%.
E-Target 14 By 2020, plans for sustainable management of agricultural genetic resources is implemented.
E-Target 15 By 2020, pollution to agricultural biodiversity from agro-chemicals has been brought to levels that are not detrimental to ecosystem function and biodiversity.
E-Target 16 By 2020 threatened species prevented and their conservation status, particularly of those most in decline, has been improved and sustained.
E-Target 17 By 2020, Conservation and management of genetic resources and diversities strengthened.
E-Target 18 By 2020, the traditional knowledge, innovations and practices of local communities relevant for the conservation and sustainable use of agricultural biodiversity properly documented and integrated in agricultural biodiversity.