Country Profiles

Myanmar - Country Profile

The national targets (or equivalent) presented in this database are taken from the NBSAPs received since COP-10, fifth national reports or from documents submitted separately. The mapping of national targets to the Aichi Biodiversity Targets by the Party concerned is indicated in the last column “Related Aichi Target(s)”. All Parties are encouraged to undertake this mapping exercise and to submit this information to SCBD for incorporation in this database.

Reference Target Related Strategic Goals/Aichi Targets
Target 1.1 By 2018, awareness of biodiversity values in key decision makers and line agencies has been improved. 1
Target 1.2 By 2018, the private sector has an enhanced understanding of the value of biodiversity and relation to business practices. 1
Target 1.3 By 2017, the media have an improved understanding of and capacity to communicate topics related to biodiversity. 1
Target 1.4 By 2020, local communities in and around PAs have enhanced opportunities to share knowledge and participate in management activities. 1
Target 1.5 By 2020, primary and secondary curricula have incorporated biodiversity values. 1
Target 2.1 By 2018, Myanmar has made a formal commitment to natural capital accounting and has taken significant steps to integrate the value of biodiversity and ecosystem services Into Its national accounts. 2
Target 2.2 By 2018, significant steps have been taken to incorporate biodiversity and ecosystem services into state/region planning. 2
Target 2.3 By 2018, the government has significantly enhanced its capacity to review and assess EIAs and monitor and enforce EMPs. 2
Target 2.4 By 2017, Myanmar has been assessed as an EITI compliant country. 2
Target 3.1 By 2020, the national legal framework on tenure encourages conservation and sustainable management. 3
Target 3.2 By 2020, positive incentives are established for the sustainable use of nature. 3
Target 4.1 By 2020, SEA conducted and guidelines prepared for mining and energy sectors. 4
Target 4.2 By 2020, sustainable production and consumption of natural resources is malnstreamed In development planning. 4
Target 5.1 By 2020, at least 10% of DMDF and mangrove forest has been put under some form of protection, including sustainable use and management. 5
Target 5.2 By 2018, the PFE will have been re-assessed. 5
Target 5.3 By 2020, all wetland areas surveyed and prioritized for conservation value. 5
Target 5.4 By 2020, all wetland areas surveyed and prioritized for conservation value. 5
Target 5.5 By 2020, negotiation phase to sign Forest Law Enforcement Governance and Trade (FLEGT) and Voluntary Partnership Agreement {VPA )a FLEGT VPA has been conducted. 5
Target 6.1 By 2020, states/regions have approved laws allowing for community and/or co-managed fisheries. 6
Target 6.2 By 2020, total commercial marine catch reduced to more sustainable levels. 6
Target 7.1 By 2020, SRI and other forms of environmentally friendly rice production have been implemented in 10% of rice paddy area. 7
Target 7.2 By 2020, 5% of fish and shrimp aquaculture by volume follows international best practices for sustainable management. 7
Target 8.1 By 2020, understanding of the extent and severity of pollution in Myanmar and its impacts on biodiversity fs significantly enhanced. 8
Target 8.2 By 2017, the EIA Procedure, NEQCi, and NEQS include adequate provisions to ensure protection of biodiversity and ecosystem services. 8
Target 8.3 By 2020, a water pollution monitoring network involving both government and local communities is operational at three critical freshwater sites and at existing or proposed SEZs. 8
Target 8.4 By 2020, informal and artisanal minors have an enhanced understanding of pollution and toxicity of mercury and methods to reduce its use. 8
Target 8.5 By 2020, the sale and use of fuel additives, agrochemicals and veterinary drugs that are known to have significant negative impacts on biodiversity and ecosystem services are effectively controlled and, where appropriate, banned. 8
Target 9.1 By 2019, NIASP has been developed and approved, and is under active implementation with the support of civil society, local communities, the private sector and the international community. 9
Target 10.1 By 2020, 15 per cent of Myanmar's coral reefs conserved within MPAs, including LMMAs and other area-based conservation measures. 10
Target 10.2 By 2018, destructive fishing practices in coral reef areas banned and effectively enforced. 10
Target 11.1 By 2020, 8% of Myanmar's land area Is conserved within PAs, including ICCAs. 11
Target 11.2 IUCN governance categories and management categories are recognized in policy and practice. 11
Target 11.3 By 2020, the management effectiveness of Myanmar's PA system has significantly improved, with 15 PAs implementing SMART, at least five PAs implementing management plans, and local communities are involved in management activities in at least five PAs. 11
Target 11.4 By 2020, Myanmar's sites of premier conservation value are recognized by relevant international designations, through the designation of one natural WHS, three additional Ramsar sites, and one Biosphere Reserve. 11
Target 11.5 By 2020, a Marine Spatial Plan with nested MPAs is prepared for the Myeik Archipelago. 11
Target 12.1 By 2020, the conservation status of priority, globally threatened species in Myanmar has improved. 12
Target 12.2 By 2020, the illegal wildlife trade in Myanmar has been substantially reduced. 12
Target 12.3 By 2020, a National Red Ust of selected taxa has been produced. 12
Target 12.4 By 2020, conservation status of migratory species has been Improved. 12
Target 13.1 By 2020, priorities for the conservation of plant genetic resources have been identified and are addressed by programmes to promote in situ conservation. 13
Target 13.2 By 2020, ex situ conservation gaps have been addressed through collaborative research and collection programmes. 13
Target 13.3 By 2020, a crop wild relative action plan has been initiated. 13
Target 13.4 By 2020, incentives and programmes to conserve the genetic diversity of livestock are established to address current gaps. 13
Target 14.1 By 2020, a rapid national ecosystem assessment has been carried out, identifying the status, values and trends of key ecosystems and the services they provide. 14
Target 15.1 By 2020, over 130,000 hectares of forest have been are under community forestry. 15
Target 15.2 By 2018, guidelines for a national forest restoration programme that incorporates best international practice formally adopted by government and pilot project initiated. 15
Target 15.3 By 2020, REDD+ Readiness Road Map is actively being implemented. 15
Target 16.1 By 2020, the Nagoya Protocol Is actively implemented in Myanmar. 16
Target 17.1 By 2016, the NBSAP is adopted by Cabinet as the nation's over-arching policy framework for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity. 17
Target 17.2 By 2016, the institutional mechanisms to ensure effective implementation and monitoring of the NBSAP are in place and functioning effectively. 17
Target 17.3 By 2020, BSAPs are under preparation in at least three states/regions. 17
Target 17.4 By 2020, conservation status of migratory species has been improved. 17
Target 18.1 By 2020, customary land use tenure systems has been recognized in Myanmar's legal framework and a mechanism for recognizing communal tenure Is operational. 18
Target 18.2 By 2020, FPIC principles are institutionalized in government, private sector, and donor programmes. 18
Target 18.3 By 2020, traditional knowledge documented, recognized, promoted, and protected through incorporation into education and conservation outreach education. 18
Target 18.4 By 2020, traditional knowledge, practices, and beliefs are documented, recognized, protected, and promoted in formal and informal education. 18
Target 19.1 By 2016, a CHM web portal is established. 19
Target 19.2 By 2020, a national forest cover change 2015-2020 database developed using international standard methods, and made publicly available online. 19
Target 19.3 By 2020, leading Myanmar universities have established course in conservation biology. 19
Target 20.1 By 2020, the funding available for biodiversity from all sources is increased by 50%. 20
Target 20.2 By 2018, donor and partner funding for biodiversity is better coordinated and implemented. 20