Country Profiles

Mozambique - Country Profile

The national targets (or equivalent) presented in this database are taken from the NBSAPs received since COP-10, fifth national reports or from documents submitted separately. The mapping of national targets to the Aichi Biodiversity Targets by the Party concerned is indicated in the last column “Related Aichi Target(s)”. All Parties are encouraged to undertake this mapping exercise and to submit this information to SCBD for incorporation in this database.

Reference Target Related Strategic Goals/Aichi Targets
STRATEGIC OBJECTIVE A Reduce the direct and indirect causes of degradation and loss of biodiversity
Target 1 The latest, by 2020, increase by 30% the level of awarness of the Mozambican population about the values of biodiversity and the impacts that human activity can cause.
Target 2 By 2020, there should be a better understanding of the value (economic, social and ecological) of biodiversity, in order to allow a better integration in the decision-making and management.
Target 3 By 2025, adopt and effectively implement policies and legal instruments for preventing and mitigating the impacts of human activities likely to cause degradation of biodiversity.
Target 4 By 2025, define ecologically sustainable systems for the production and consumption based on sustainable practices and adequate investment.
Target 5 By 2035, reduce by at least 20% the area of critical ecosystems, or that provide essential goods and services under degradation and fragmentation.
Target 6 By 2025, have at least 30% of habitats of endemic and/or threatened flora and fauna species with strategies and action plans for their conservation in place.
Target 7 By 2020, catalog/systematize, disseminate and encourage sustainable management practices in agriculture, livestock, aquaculture, forestry and wildlife.
Target 8 By 2025, reduce the pollution levels at critical locations and ecosystems by 20%, pollution.
Target 9 By 2025, reduce in at least 10% the area of occurrence of invasive species and establish/implement strategies for managing the impacts.
Target 10 By 2035, put at least 20% critically affect ecosystems by climate changes under adaptive ecosystem management.
STRATEGIC OBJECTIVE B Improve the status of biodiversity by preserving the diversity of ecosystems, habitats, species and genes
Target 11 A By 2025, evaluate and redefine 75% of current conservation areas, and include, formally, 100% of the afromontane endemism centers (altitud > 1.500m) and up to 5% of marine ecosystems and mountain in conservation areas.
Target 11 B By 2030, manage effectively and equitably, 50% of the protected areas.
Target 12 By 2035, rehabilitate at least 15% of the degraded ecosystems /habitats, restoring their biodiversity and ensuring its sustainability, with a view to mitigating the effects of climate change and combating desertification.
Target 13 By 2030, complete the characterization and cataloging the genetic diversity of cultivated plants and domestic animals and their threatened ancestors in natural habitats, including species of socio-economic and/or cultural value and defining strategies for their conservation.
STRATEGIC OBJECTIVE C Improve the benefits sharing from biodiversity and ecosystem services for all sectors of the Mozambican society
Target 14 By 2030, create and integrate the national accounts a payment mechanism for environmental goods and services to promote fair, equitable and sustainable use of biological diversity.
Target 15 By 2025, knowing and strengthen the contribution of biodiversity to increase the stock of carbon in order to mitigate and adapt to climate change.
Target 16 By 2020, implement national legislation on access and benefit sharing arising from the use of biodiversity and genetic resources.
STRATEGIC OBJECTIVE D Enhance implementation through participatory planning, knowledge management and training
Target 17 By 2020, the sectors involved in biodiversity issues must develop, based on national targets, sectoral goals, integrate them into sectoral plans, and start implement it.
Target 18 By 2035, value and respect the knowledge and traditional uses of on biodiversity, in accordance with national legislation.
Target 19 By 2035, strengthen the capacity of key stakeholders and improve the integration of gender issues, to enable the effective implementation of national targets.
Target 20 By 2020, strengthen national and international partnerships and establish innovative mechanisms for financing and support biodiversity programs.