Country Profiles

Yemen - Country Profile

The national targets (or equivalent) presented in this database are taken from the NBSAPs received since COP-10, fifth national reports or from documents submitted separately. The mapping of national targets to the Aichi Biodiversity Targets by the Party concerned is indicated in the last column “Related Aichi Target(s)”. All Parties are encouraged to undertake this mapping exercise and to submit this information to SCBD for incorporation in this database.

Reference Target Related Strategic Goals/Aichi Targets
Target 1 At least 5%(by 2020) and 7% (by 2025) of terrestrial and inland water areas, and 6% (by 2020) and 12% (by 2025) of coastal and marine areas will be under protection, effectively managed by local communities, and integrated into the wider landscape and seascape. (Aichi target 11). 11
Target 2 By 2025, 50 % of endemic, rare & endangered plants, mammal and bird species will be conserved (Aichi target12) 12
Target 3 By 2020, 70% of the genetic diversity of Yemen cultivated plants species , & domestic animals will be conserved in gene banks (Aichi 13) 13
Target 4 To reduce forest & rangelands harvesting by 15% in 2020, and by 30% in 2025 (Aichi Target5). 5
Target 5 Aquatic ecosystems have been restored and safeguarded so as to increase their capacities to sustainably deliver water services to about 65% of Yemeni population by 2020, and 85% by 2025 (Aichi 14) 14
Target 6 By 2025, all Yemen fish stocks are managed and harvested sustainably through applying ecosystem based approaches, recovery plans, seasonal fishing ban of threatened species, banning of destructive fishing methods, control illegal and unregulated fishing and strict monitoring of fishing methods, practices and techniques (Aichi Target 6) 6
Target 7 By 2025, all pressures impacted by climate change and anthropogenic factors are mitigated and minimized, so that coral reefs, fish , birds, turtles and plants species of marine ecosystems are maintained and functioning well (Aichi Target 10) 10
Target 8 By 2020, 50% of Yemen‟s agricultural lands will be managed sustainably, and by 2025 the sustainability principles will cover the entire agricultural lands (Aichi Target7) . 7
Target 9 By 2025, biodiversity values & the maintenance of key ecosystem services have been integrated into national & local land use planning based on developing and implementing a number of land-zones and land use management plans(Aichi Target2). 2
Target 10 By 2025, Ecotourism sector is benefiting from ecosystem services and has incorporated sustainability & biodiversity concerns into local ecotourism development plans and programmes (Aichi target 4). 4
Target 11 By 2025, several business communities and public sectors, including ecotourism, mining, energy, industry and land use planning are benefiting from ecosystem services and have incorporated sustainability & biodiversity concerns into their national and local development plans and programmes, keeping the impacts of use of natural resources well within safe ecological limits (Aichi target 4). 4
Target 12 By 2025, ecosystem resilience and the contribution of biodiversity to carbon stocks have been enhanced via restoration of at least 15 per cent of degraded ecosystems (Wetlands, Mangrove, Forest and terraces ), thereby contributing to climate change mitigation and adaptation and to combating desertification (Aichi Target15) 15
Target 13 By 2020, invasive alien species and pathways are identified and prioritized, priority species are controlled or eradicated, and measures are in place to manage pathways to prevent their introduction and establishment.
Target 14 By 2025, the use of agrochemical substances, pesticides and other land-based pollutants on land, aquatic and marine ecosystems have been reduced by 50 percent (Aichi Target 3) 3
Target 15 Energy resilience has been promoted and is manifested by 14% reduction of energy-related GHG emissions in 2020, and 23% in 2025 (Aichi target 15) 15
Target 16 By 2025, the values of biodiversity & ecosystem services are recognized by decision makers & integrated into key environmental sectors (Aichi Target 2). 2
Target 17 By 2025, subsidies on water efficiency use are approved, subsidies on agro-chemicals & fertilizers are removed and fuel subsidies for water pumping are eliminated(Aichi Target3) 3
Target 18 Positive incentives for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity are developed and enforced (Aichi target 3) 3
Target 19 Yemeni poor and vulnerable, including local communities, youth and women enabled to equitably access to water, marine, forest and land resources, thereby leading to reduction of population living under national poverty level by 15% in 2020, and by 30% in 2025 (Aichi targets 14 & 16) 14, 16
Target 20 In partnership with government, community-based management approach has been widely promoted to cover 50% of Yemen‟s protected area by 2020, and 100% by 2025, thereby leading to improved effectiveness of Yemen‟s protected areas along with promotion of traditional knowledge and practices on conservation and sustainable use of biological resources” (Aichi target 18). 18