Decision COP XII/19


This webpage presents Decision-tracking Tool. It contains the text of the decisions of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity, and information developed by the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (SCBD) resulting from reviewing the nature and the status of implementation of each of the elements of the decisions in accordance with the criteria agreed by the Conference of the Parties in the Annex to decision XII/28 of the Conference of the Parties. The information is provided without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including, without limitation, warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose and non-infringement. The SCBD specifically does not make any warranties or representations as to the accuracy or completeness of any of the information on this webpage. SCBD periodically adds, changes, improves or updates the information on this webpage without notice. Under no circumstances shall the SCBD be liable for any loss, damage, liability or expense incurred or suffered that is claimed to have resulted from the use of this webpage, including, without limitation, any fault, error, omission, interruption or delay with respect thereto.

SCBD welcomes any comments or views from users regarding the review of the elements of the decisions and the features and functionalities of the Decision-Tracking Tool.

UNEP/CBD/COP/DEC/12/19 filtered
Ecosystem conservation and restoration
The Conference of the Parties,
Acknowledging with appreciation the support of the Executive Secretary, partner organizations, donors and host governments for organizing the subregional workshops on ecosystem conservation and restoration in 2013 and 2015,
Reaffirming the need for enhanced support and cooperation to promote ecosystem restoration efforts of developing countries towards the implementation of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011–2020 and the achievement of the Aichi Biodiversity Targets,
Recalling decisions IX/5, IX/18, X/31, XI/16, and XI/24,

paragraph 1

1.Notes, in the context of the ongoing discussions on the post-2015 United Nations development agenda, the contribution of ecosystem conservation and restoration, and related ecosystem functions and services, to sustainable development and poverty eradication;
operational active private-sector

paragraph 2

2.Recognizes the contribution of private protected areas, in addition to public and indigenous and local community conserved areas, in the conservation of biodiversity, and encourages the private sector to continue its efforts to protect and sustainably manage ecosystems for the conservation of biodiversity;

paragraph 3

3.Notes with concern that, according to the fourth edition of the Global Biodiversity Outlook, not enough progress has been made towards Aichi Biodiversity Targets 14 and 15;
operational active parties other governments inter-gov-organizations organizations

paragraph 4

4.Invites Parties and other Governments, intergovernmental organizations and other relevant organizations:

paragraph 4 item (a)

(a)Taking into account the ecosystem approach, to develop spatial planning approaches at the landscape and seascape level, to help to reduce habitat loss and to promote ecosystem restoration;

paragraph 4 item (b)

(b)To promote, where appropriate, holistic and integrated planning for ecosystem conservation and restoration in indigenous and local community conserved areas, with the full and effective participation of indigenous and local communities, taking into account customary use and management approaches;

paragraph 4 item (c)

(c)To promote cross-sectoral approaches, including with the public sector, private sector and civil society, to develop a coherent framework for ecosystem conservation and restoration;

paragraph 4 item (d)

(d)Taking into consideration that priority should be given, where possible, to avoiding or reducing ecosystem losses, to promote ecosystem restoration activities, in particular large-scale restoration activities, noting also the cumulative benefits of small-scale restoration activities that can collectively contribute to biodiversity conservation, climate-change adaptation and mitigation, and reducing desertification, in the context of sustainable development;

paragraph 4 item (e)

(e)To provide appropriate incentives to promote, in line with national circumstances, sustainable management and best practices in the conservation and restoration of ecosystems at the national and subnational levels, in the public and private sectors;

paragraph 4 item (f)

(f)To provide support and incentives, in line with national circumstances, to indigenous and local communities in their efforts to conserve biodiversity in indigenous and local community conserved areas with a view to contributing to the achievement of Aichi Biodiversity Targets 11, 12, 13, 14, 16 and 18;

paragraph 4 item (g)

(g)To develop and strengthen monitoring of ecosystem degradation and restoration, with a view to supporting adaptive management and reporting on progress towards the Aichi Biodiversity targets, in particular targets 5, 14 and 15;

paragraph 4 item (h)

(h)To give due attention to both native species and genetic diversity in ecosystem conservation and restoration activities, while avoiding the introduction and preventing the spread of invasive alien species;

paragraph 5

5.Welcomes the Forest Ecosystem Restoration Initiative  developed by the Republic of Korea in cooperation with the Executive Secretary, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and other partners, to support ecosystem restoration activities under the Convention in line with decision XI/16 and other relevant decisions developed by the Forest Landscape Restoration Mechanism of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, and other relevant initiatives, contributing to the achievement of the Aichi Biodiversity Targets, in particular Targets 5, 14 and 15;
operational active parties

paragraph 6

6.Emphasizing the critical importance of coastal wetlands for biodiversity and ecosystem functions and services, in particular for migratory bird species, sustainable livelihoods, climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction, invites Parties to give due attention to the conservation and restoration of coastal wetlands, and, in this context, welcomes the work of the Ramsar Convention and initiatives that support the conservation and restoration of coastal wetlands, including options to build a “Caring for Coasts” Initiative, as part of a global movement to restore coastal wetlands;
operational active UNGA

paragraph 7

7.Reaffirming the importance of public awareness of the role of protected areas and indigenous and local community conserved areas in achieving Aichi Biodiversity Target 11 and other relevant Aichi Biodiversity Targets, proposes to declare 20 February  as “World National Parks and Protected Areas Day”, and invites the United Nations General Assembly to consider declaring 20 February as “World National Parks and Protected Areas Day”;
operational implemented es

paragraph 8

8.Requests the Executive Secretary, with regard to the proposed thematic assessment on land degradation and restoration of the Intergovernmental Science-policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services to share all relevant information and results with the Platform and to cooperate in the development of next steps, with a view to strengthening synergies and avoiding duplication of work, and to report on progress to the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice at a meeting to be held prior to the thirteenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties.
Conference of the Parties (COP)

Twelfth meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity
6 - 17 October, 2014
Pyeongchang, Republic of Korea

Elements of decision
16 3 informational 5 operational
5 1 implemented 0 superseded 0 elapsed 4 active

8 1 private-sector   2 parties   1 other-governments   1 inter-gov-organizations   1 organizations   1 UNGA   1 executive-secretary  

AICHI targets

1 Ecosystem Restoration

Related decisions
XI/16 para 1
Ecosystem restoration
1.Urges Parties and encourages other Governments and relevant organizations to make concerted efforts to achieve Aichi Biodiversity Targets 14 and 15 and targets 4 and 8 of the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation, and to contribute to the achievement of all the other Aichi Biodiversity Targets through ecosystem restoration through a range of activities depending on national circumstances, including:(a)Effectively implementing the ecosystem restoration-related provisions in previous decisions of the Conference of the Parties and relevant thematic and cross cutting programmes of work;(b)Identifying, analysing and addressing both underlying and direct causes of ecosystem degradation or fragmentation and using the knowledge gained to prevent or reduce activities which cause further degradation, deterioration or destruction;(c)Identifying degraded ecosystems that have the potential for ecosystem restoration bearing in mind that such areas may be occupied or used by indigenous and local communities;(d)Promoting best practices and appropriate technologies that can be productively applied to ecosystem restoration;(e)Consider performing a social impact assessment when degraded ecosystems are identified for potential restoration to ensure that projects do not have negative effects for indigenous and local communities that make use of the land;(f)Improving the resilience of ecosystems;(g)Promoting the full and effective participation of indigenous and local communities and the use of relevant traditional knowledge and practices in appropriate ecosystem restoration activities, in accordance with Articles 8(j), 10(c) and 10(d) of the Convention; (h)Identifying opportunities to link poverty eradication and ecosystem restoration, inter alia through the rehabilitation or restoration of ecosystems that provide services upon which women, indigenous and local communities, and the poor and vulnerable are directly dependent, and the development of restoration projects that provide employment and skills improvement;(i)Taking into consideration strategic goal D of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011 2020 (“Enhance the benefits to all from biodiversity and ecosystem services”) when making decisions regarding the allocation of resources to ecosystem restoration, giving due attention to the rehabilitation of degraded ecosystems in order to restore critical ecosystem functions and the delivery of benefits to people;
XI/16 para 2
Ecosystem restoration
2.Invites Parties, other Governments, relevant intergovernmental organizations, the Society for Ecological Restoration, the International Union for Conservation of Nature, the World Resources Institute, the Global Partnership on Forest Landscape Restoration, the International Tropical Timber Organization and other relevant organizations and initiatives such as the Sub-Global Assessment Network, as appropriate, to support countries in implementing ecosystem restoration by: (a)Making available tools such as e learning programmes;(b)Compiling and disseminating case studies, best practices, lessons learned, and information on socio-economic aspects, and methods for assessing the success of restoration projects; (c)Facilitating the sharing of knowledge and publicly available information and supporting existing networks, subject to the national legislation of Parties;(d)Supporting and/or coordinating capacity building development initiatives, including workshops and formal training;(e)Convening regional/subregional technical training activities on key themes;(f)Enhancing partnerships and exchange programmes among agencies and restoration practitioners for their mutual benefit;(g)Developing and implementing communication programmes highlighting the economic, ecological and social benefits of ecosystem restoration, including awareness-raising among the general public, policymakers and environmental and other managers, not only on the crucial role that ecosystems play in providing ecosystem services, but also on the costs associated with ecosystem degradation, lost incomes, compensation and increased expenses in production; and the cost savings, benefits and potential solutions that restoration can contribute to common political challenges;(h)Supporting the development and implementation of regional, subregional or national plans, programmes or projects for restoring ecosystems, taking into account the ecosystem approach and the integration of ecosystem restoration into broader planning processes, such as spatial and landscape planning;(i)Supporting the large scale replication of successful projects and programmes that implement the recommendations of research on ecosystem restoration, including their monitoring;
XI/16 para 3
Ecosystem restoration
3.Recognizing that developing countries, in particular the least developed countries and small island developing States, as well as countries with economies in transition, including countries that are centres of origin or diversity of genetic resources, require financial and technical resources in order to implement ecosystem restoration programmes and achieve the related Aichi Biodiversity Targets, including Targets 14 and 15, and that such resources should be provided by financial mechanisms under Article 20 of the Convention on Biological Diversity and mobilized according to Article 20 and the strategy for resource mobilization in line with decisions IX/11, X/3 and XI/4;
XI/16 para 4
Ecosystem restoration
4.Urges Parties, and invites other Governments, organizations and donors in a position to do so:(a)To provide adequate financial, technical and other support to the Executive Secretary for facilitating capacity development and implementation initiatives; and (b)Taking note of extreme weather events, to support the implementation of ecosystem restoration for the mitigation and management of the impact of extreme weather events and for ecosystem based adaptation to climate change;
XI/16 para 5 1)
Ecosystem restoration
(a)Convene regional and subregional capacity-building and training workshops and expert meetings, including with the participation of indigenous and local communities;
XI/16 para 5 2)
Ecosystem restoration
(b)Facilitate the further development, based on information provided in documents UNEP/CBD/COP/11/INF/17 and 18, of a range of implementation tools and practical guidance for ecosystem restoration aimed at different audiences and translated into all United Nations languages, and make it available through the clearing house mechanism;
XI/16 para 5 3)
Ecosystem restoration
(c)Facilitate, in collaboration with relevant partners, the development of a user-friendly, comprehensive web portal on ecosystem restoration, as part of the clearing house mechanism, to facilitate access to and dissemination of documents, case studies and tools for capacity–building;
XI/16 para 5 4)
Ecosystem restoration
(d)Compile all decisions of the Conference of the Parties and information on associated actions related to ecosystem restoration for wider dissemination to Parties;
XI/16 para 5 5)
Ecosystem restoration
(e)Facilitate the development and maintenance, in collaboration with partners, of an issue-based module on ecosystem restoration, such as TEMATEA;
XI/16 para 5 6)
Ecosystem restoration
(f)Identify, and where appropriate and feasible, pursue opportunities for collaboration among the Convention on Biological Diversity, the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands and other multilateral environmental agreements in order to enhance and harmonize efforts in ecosystem restoration and avoid duplication;
XI/16 para 5 7)
Ecosystem restoration
(g)In collaboration with partners, facilitate the development of a tool for collating and presenting baseline information on the condition and extent of ecosystems, in order to facilitate the evaluation of Aichi Biodiversity Target 15 so as to assist Parties in identifying ecosystems whose restoration would contribute most significantly to achieving the Aichi Biodiversity Targets;
XI/16 para 5 8)
Ecosystem restoration
(h)Based on information documents UNEP/CBD/COP/11/INF/17, 18 and 19, identify gaps in practical guidance and implementation tools for ecosystem restoration and suggest ways to fill those gaps;
XI/16 para 5 9)
Ecosystem restoration
(i) Develop clear terms and definitions of ecosystem rehabilitation and restoration and clarify the desired outcomes of implementation of restoration activities, taking into account the Aichi Biodiversity Targets and other relevant targets;
XI/16 para 5 10)
Ecosystem restoration
(j)Report to a meeting of the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice prior to the twelfth meeting of the Conference of the Parties on progress in these matters.