Please note that this country profile has been prepared by the Secretariat on the basis of information provided in the NBSAP and national reports, but has not been reviewed by the Party concerned.

Main References

National Website

Status and Trends of Biodiversity


The kingdom of Bahrain is an archipelago of around 40 low-laying islands in addition to numerous islets, shoals and patches of reefs situated off the central southern coast of the Arabian Gulf. The country occupies a total area of about 728 km2 and has sovereignty over approximately 3000 km2 of territorial waters. The terrestrial landscape in Bahrain is predominately arid desert with limited inland waters... More »

Number and Extent of Protected Areas

There is one terrestrial and five marine protected areas declared in Bahrain.

Implementation of the Convention

Measures Taken to Achieve the 2010 Target

Although no specific national goals or targets have been developed in Bahrain to address the 2010 target, many measures have been taken that contribute to its achievement. For instance, Al-Areen Wildlife Park and Reserve maintains breeding populations of rare and likely threatened species including mammals, birds, reptiles and amphibians... More »

Initiatives in Protected Areas

The Al-Areen Wildlife Park and Reserve is the centerpiece of the Bahrain terrestrial protected area system and managed on daily-basis. The key objectives of Al-Areen Wildlife Park and Reserve are to promote scientific research, ecotourism, public awareness and the conservation of biodiversity in Bahrain. Tubli Bay was declared as a protected area in 1995 and designated as a RAMSAR site in 1997 in an attempt to promote the protection of the coastline from coastal development... More »

Initiatives for Article 8(j)

Concerns have increased to protect and maintain the traditional knowledge and practices pertaining to the sustainable use of the components of biodiversity in Bahrain such as those associated with fishing, pearl diving and date palms. For instance, fishing by the traditional wire (gargoor) and barrier (hadra) traps are exceptionally permitted in Hawar Islands for this purpose... More »

NOTE: Visitors to the CBD website are advised to consult section VII of the sixth national report for updated information on the themes contained in the country profile below.

National Contacts

Full details of national contacts »

Convention on Biological Diversity

Ms. Nouf Ali Al-Wasmi
CBD Primary NFP, CHM NFP, Protected Areas NFP
Mr. Ali Mansoor Abbas Abdulla

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Ms. Nouf Ali Al-Wasmi
Cartagena Protocol Primary NFP, Cartagena Protocol emergency contact point, BCH NFP