Status and Trends of Biodiversity
Benin estimates its number of vascular plant species at 3000 which are spread out into several vegetation zones: the semi-deciduous forests, the dense, dry forests and the clear forests, the savannahs, the meadow altimontaine, vegetation of the humid regions and littoral zones, and the mangroves. The water system includes some 3048km of waterways and more than 333km2 of lakes and lagoons localized at the south of the country... More »
Number and Extent of Protected Areas
Benin has classified several protected areas into various categories that, in total, comprise about 12% of national land, mostly in the northern part of the country. In the southern part of the country, there are a few small, isolated islands of dense, semi-deciduous forest that have been protected by law. There are four main types of classified protected areas: 1) 2 National Parks situated in the departments of Atacora and Borgou, 2) 3 game reserves adjoining the National Parks, 3) 38 forests, and 4) the Biosphere Reserve, which constitutes the National park of Pendjari and game reserves... More »
Percentage of Forest Cover
Recent figures show that forest and wooded areas occupy 6,186,000ha; protected areas (national parks and game reserves) occupy 2,664,000ha; and, in regard to the agricultural sector, teak plantations occupy 20,000ha while coconut plantations and palm groves occupy 400,000ha of land.