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Chile - Overview

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The designations employed and the presentation of material on this map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity or the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.


Status and Trends of Biodiversity

Overview

While Chile’s biodiversity does not compare with the richness of tropical areas, it is singular in that it includes a large number of endemic species due to its geographic situation isolated by the Andes, the Pacific Ocean, the Atacama desert and the polar region. As a result of its different latitudes, from subtropical to subantarctic, the country also boasts a large variety of ecosystems... More »

Number and Extent of Protected Areas

178 units covering a surface of approximately 155.212 km2.

Percentage of Forest Cover

21% of which 18% corresponds to natural forests and 3% to plantations.

National Biodiversity Strategy Action Plan

Major features of National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan

Chile’s national biodiversity strategy includes three distinct target dates. Short-term measures (by 2006) provide for the protection of 50% of priority areas identified in the Regional Strategies on Biodiversity with a view to ensuring the protection of at least 10% of the areas of each ecosystem. Medium-term measures (by 2010) aim at the effective and official protection of 100% of priority areas, including a management plan for conservation and a responsible institution... More »

Implementation of the Convention

Measures Taken to Achieve the 2010 Target

Chile has integrated the 2010 biodiversity target as a national target. Indeed, the national strategy for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity, approved in December 2003 by the National Commission on the Environment (CONAMA), establishes as its second objective that actions will be taken to ensure the long term-protection of biodiversity (including species, ecosystems and genes), promoting the protection of at least 10% of each type of ecosystem before 2010... More »

Initiatives in Protected Areas

Under the national action plan, the strategic focal area 1 provides for the establishment of a national network of protected land and marine areas. The network will include various public and private sub-systems. By 2010, a total of 46 territories is expected to be under legal protection, covering an area of 1,5 million hectares... More »

Initiatives for Article 8(j)

The existing policies and programs to address indigenous issues do not have a specific focus on biological diversity. Rather, they cut across different areas of interest. However, a focus on article 8(j) under the national plan of action is under discussion. Legislation no. 19253 refers to the duty of society in general and of the State to protect, respect, and promote the development of indigenous peoples, their culture and communities, and to protect their lands... More »

National Contacts

Full details of national contacts »

Convention on Biological Diversity

Sr. Waldemar Coutts
CBD Primary NFP
Sra. Nancy Céspedes
CBD Primary NFP
Sr. Jaime Contreras Nogueira
CBD Primary NFP
Sra. Alejandra Figueroa Fernández
CBD Primary NFP
Sra. Leonora Rojas Salinas
GSPC NFP
Sr. Charif Tala Gonzalez
GTI NFP
Sra. Maria Karín Molt González
CHM NFP, Resource Mobilization FP
Sr. Diego Flores Arrate
SBSTTA NFP, Protected Areas NFP
Sr. Vicente Paeile Marambio
Traditional Knowledge NFP

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Sra. Paula Díaz Palma
Cartagena Protocol Primary NFP, BCH NFP

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  • United Nations Environment Programme