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Colombia - Overview

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The designations employed and the presentation of material on this map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity or the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

Main References

National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (v.2)

Other Information about National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plans

Fifth National Report

Other 5th National Report Information



National Websites


Biodiversity Facts

Status and trends of biodiversity, including benefits from biodiversity and ecosystem services

Colombia is listed as one of the world’s “megadiverse” countries, hosting close to 10% of the planet’s biodiversity. Worldwide, it ranks first in bird and orchid species diversity and second in plants, butterflies, freshwater fishes and amphibians. With 314 types of ecosystems, Colombia possesses a rich complexity of ecological, climatic, biological and ecosystem components... More »

Main pressures on and drivers of change to biodiversity (direct and indirect)

The main threats to the conservation of biodiversity include, among others: increasing social inequality; internal armed conflict for more than five decades; reprimarization of the economy; the illegal drug trade; weak access policy and titling; implementation of extensive livestock and agricultural models. Such factors contribute to habitat degradation, changes in land use, increased presence of invasive species, climate change, overconsumption of services and general pollution dynamics... More »

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National Contacts

Full details of national contacts »

Convention on Biological Diversity

Mr. Francisco Javier Echeverri Lara
CBD Primary NFP
Ms. Claudia Vasquez Marazzani
SBSTTA NFP
Mr. Gonzalo Andrade
GTI NFP
Ms. Julia Miranda Londoño
Protected Areas NFP
Mr. Alberto Gomez Mejia
GSPC NFP
Ms. Claudia Maria Villa
CEPA Informal Advisory Committee
Ms. Laura Camila Bermúdez
Traditional Knowledge NFP
Ms. Brigitte Baptiste
CHM NFP

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Mr. Francisco Javier Echeverri Lara
Cartagena Protocol Primary NFP
José Leonardo Bocanegra Silva
BCH NFP

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  • United Nations
  • United Nations Environment Programme