The designations employed and the presentation of material on this map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or any area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

(*) A dispute exists between the Governments of Argentina and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland concerning sovereignty over the Falkland Islands (Malvinas).

Main References

National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (v.3)

Other Information about National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plans

Fifth National Report

Other 5th National Report Information

National Websites

NOTE: Visitors to the CBD website are advised to consult section VII of the sixth national report for updated information on the themes contained in the country profile below.

Biodiversity Facts

Status and trends of biodiversity, including benefits from biodiversity and ecosystem services

Colombia is listed as one of the world’s “megadiverse” countries, hosting close to 10% of the planet’s biodiversity. Worldwide, it ranks first in bird and orchid species diversity and second in plants, butterflies, freshwater fishes and amphibians. With 314 types of ecosystems, Colombia possesses a rich complexity of ecological, climatic, biological and ecosystem components... More »

Main pressures on and drivers of change to biodiversity (direct and indirect)

The main threats to the conservation of biodiversity include, among others: increasing social inequality; internal armed conflict for more than five decades; reprimarization of the economy; the illegal drug trade; weak access policy and titling; implementation of extensive livestock and agricultural models. Such factors contribute to habitat degradation, changes in land use, increased presence of invasive species, climate change, overconsumption of services and general pollution dynamics... More »

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National Contacts

Full details of national contacts »

Convention on Biological Diversity

Sra. Adriana Mejía Hernández
CBD Primary NFP
Sr. David Felipe Olarte Amaya
Sra. Andrea Ramírez Martínez
Marine and Coastal Biodiversity NFP
Sra. Laura C. Bermúdez
Traditional Knowledge NFP, Resource Mobilization FP
Sra. Julia Miranda Londoño
Protected Areas NFP
Sr. Hernando Garcia
Sr. Gonzalo Andrade
Sr. Emilio Rodríguez Bastidas
Sr. Jorge Iván Hurtado Mora
CEPA Informal Advisory Committee

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Sra. Adriana Mejía Hernández
Cartagena Protocol Primary NFP
Sr. José Leonardo Bocanegra Silva