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Colombia - Overview

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Main References

National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (v.2)

Other Information about National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plans

Fifth National Report



National Websites

Biodiversity Facts

Status and trends of biodiversity, including benefits from biodiversity and ecosystem services

Colombia is listed as one of the world’s “megadiverse” countries, hosting close to 10% of the planet’s biodiversity. Worldwide, it ranks first in bird and orchid species diversity and second in plants, butterflies, freshwater fishes and amphibians. With 314 types of ecosystems, Colombia possesses a rich complexity of ecological, climatic, biological and ecosystem components... More »

Main pressures on and drivers of change to biodiversity (direct and indirect)

The main threats to the conservation of biodiversity include, among others: increasing social inequality; internal armed conflict for more than five decades; reprimarization of the economy; the illegal drug trade; weak access policy and titling; implementation of extensive livestock and agricultural models. Such factors contribute to habitat degradation, changes in land use, increased presence of invasive species, climate change, overconsumption of services and general pollution dynamics... More »

Measures to Enhance Implementation of the Convention

Implementation of the NBSAP

A first effort to define and implement a national biodiversity policy was made between 1998 and 2006, followed by a second phase consisting of the "Política Nacional para la Gestión Integral de la Biodiversidad y sus Servicios Ecosistémicos (PNGIBSE)" launched in July 2012. This national policy promotes a new approach for achieving sustainable use of biodiversity in the country, and is oriented towards an integrated management of biodiversity and the ecosystem services it provides, with the scope of maintaining and increasing the resilience of socioecological systems at the local, national and regional levels... More »

Actions taken to achieve the 2020 Aichi Biodiversity Targets

The implementation of management plans in protected areas has significantly improved in Colombia. Furthermore, the implementation of the Policy for Clean Production in several agricultural sectors has brought positive results. A program promoting cleaner production (Producción más Limpia) has been proposed, involving different sectors, such as agriculture, transportation, mining and energy, communications, hydrocarbons, communications, industry and tourism... More »

Support mechanisms for national implementation (legislation, funding, capacity-building, coordination, mainstreaming, etc.)

Since 2005, inter-institutional agendas have been signed to promote environmental management. Ministries from several sectors are involved, such as: agriculture, urban development, education, defense, trade and industry, health and energy. In the mining sector, biodiversity is being integrated in two ways: by improving technical, economic, social and environmental productivity and competitiveness in small-scale mining, and through the sector’s involvement in the administration of the mining resources... More »

Mechanisms for monitoring and reviewing implementation

Colombia recognizes that a national programme for tracking and monitoring biodiversity is required in order to effectively advance these processes. Also, the country considers that due consideration must be given to the human, technical and financial resources required to develop, implement and sustain this mechanism.... More »

National Contacts

Full details of national contacts »

Convention on Biological Diversity

Dr. Carlos Arturo Morales López
CBD Primary NFP
Mr. Gonzalo Andrade
GTI NFP
Dr. Julia Miranda Londoño
Protected Areas NFP
Mr. Alberto Gomez Mejia
GSPC NFP
Juan Carlos Bello
CHM Informal Advisory Committee
Doctora Brigitte Baptiste
CHM NFP
Dr. Pablo Abba Vieira Samper
SBSTTA NFP, ICNP ABS NFP

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Dr. Carlos Arturo Morales López
Cartagena Protocol Primary NFP
José Leonardo Bocanegra Silva
BCH NFP

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  • United Nations
  • United Nations Environment Programme