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Georgia - Overview

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The designations employed and the presentation of material on this map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity or the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

Main References

National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (v.2)

Fifth National Report




Biodiversity Facts

Status and trends of biodiversity, including benefits from biodiversity and ecosystem services

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Georgia is located in the Caucasus region of Eurasia identified by Conservation International as a biodiversity hotspot. Forest habitats are of the greatest importance to Georgia, with current coverage at 41% of the national territory (this figure has remained steadfast over the last decade)... More »

Main pressures on and drivers of change to biodiversity (direct and indirect)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Direct threats to biodiversity include: degradation and fragmentation of natural habitats; overexploitation of natural resources; environmental pollution; introduction of alien invasive species and climate change... More »

Measures to Enhance Implementation of the Convention

Implementation of the NBSAP

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Adopted by Government Decree on 8 May 2014, Georgia’s new NBSAP (2014-2020) was prepared in the light of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 and its Aichi Targets... More »

Actions taken to achieve the 2020 Aichi Biodiversity Targets

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

“Garden Birdwatch” is being implemented countrywide and involves teachers and schoolchildren from 107 public schools.

There has been significant progress regarding certification and labelling schemes that enable traders, processors and consumers to choose products that have been produced in accordance with sustainable production principles... More »

Support mechanisms for national implementation (legislation, funding, capacity-building, coordination, mainstreaming, etc.)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

The Georgia/European Union Association Agreement (June 2014) includes important commitments for the conservation of species and habitats and the sustainable use of biological resources... More »

Mechanisms for monitoring and reviewing implementation

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

The development of a unified national system for assessing the status of biodiversity, threats and effectiveness of measures implemented in this regard has been ongoing since 2008... More »

National Contacts

Full details of national contacts »

Convention on Biological Diversity

Head of Biodiversity Protection Service
Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources Protection
CBD Primary NFP
Dr. Zurab Gurielidze
SBSTTA NFP

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Senior Specialist
Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources Protection
Cartagena Protocol Primary NFP, BCH NFP

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  • United Nations
  • United Nations Environment Programme