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Italy - Overview

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Main References

National Website

Biodiversity Facts

Status and trends of biodiversity, including benefits from biodiversity and ecosystem services

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Italy is extremely rich in biodiversity; it has the highest number and density of both animal and plant species within the European Union, as well as a high rate of endemism... More »

Main pressures on and drivers of change to biodiversity (direct and indirect)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

The main threats to biodiversity are: soil loss and changes in use; habitat modification and fragmentation; abandonment of traditional agricultural activities in mountain and sub-mountain areas and the simplification of agro-ecosystems in hilly and plain regions; pollution to environmental media (water, air, soil) and acoustic and light pollution; climate change resulting from variations of air pollutant concentrations (e.g... More »

Measures to Enhance Implementation of the Convention

Implementation of the NBSAP

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Italy’s National Biodiversity Strategy was fully developed in 2010, and is being implemented from 2011 to 2020. The Strategy is structured around 3 key issues (biodiversity and ecosystem services, biodiversity and climate change, biodiversity and economic policies)... More »

Actions taken to achieve the 2020 Aichi Biodiversity Targets

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

The Ministry of Environment, Land and Sea (of the Directorate-General for Nature and Sea Protection) promotes several initiatives related to the sustainable use of biodiversity resources, especially within the national network of Natural Protected Areas... More »

Support mechanisms for national implementation (legislation, funding, capacity-building, coordination, mainstreaming, etc.)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

In Italy, legislation is the basis for many projects and actions for biodiversity conservation. The Ministry of Environment, Land and Sea (MATTM) was established in 1986 (Law 349)... More »

Mechanisms for monitoring and reviewing implementation

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

The State-Region Conference was identified as the forum for political discussion and decision-making on Italy’s National Biodiversity Strategy. Within the MATTM, a special Joint Committee was created; in addition, a select Committee within the Joint Committee will ensure maximum operational effectiveness in the implementation and review of the Strategy... More »

National Contacts

Full details of national contacts »

Convention on Biological Diversity

Mr. Renato Grimaldi
CBD Primary NFP, ABS Competent National Authorities
Mr. Felice Cappelluti
CBD Secondary NFP
Ms. Anna Maria Maggiore
ICNP ABS NFP
Mr. Vittorio De Cristofaro
SBSTTA NFP
Ms. Maria Carmela Giarratano
Protected Areas NFP
Mr. Eugenio Duprè
CHM NFP
Mrs. Nicoletta Tartaglini
GTI NFP, GSPC NFP

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Mr. Renato Grimaldi
Cartagena Protocol Primary NFP
Mrs. Marina Andreella
BCH NFP

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  • United Nations Environment Programme