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Mongolia - Overview

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The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on maps, graphics and publications do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.

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Please note that this country profile has been prepared by the Secretariat on the basis of information provided in the NBSAP and national reports, but has not been reviewed by the Party concerned.

Biodiversity Facts

Status and trends of biodiversity, including benefits from biodiversity and ecosystem services

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Mongolia occupies an ecological transition zone in Central Asia where the Siberian taiga forest, Central Asian steppe, Altai Mountains and Gobi Desert meet... More »

Main pressures on and drivers of change to biodiversity (direct and indirect)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

The major threats facing biological diversity include climate change, water shortage, land use changes and, in consequence, the development of desertification processes... More »

Measures to Enhance Implementation of the Convention

Implementation of the NBSAP

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

A wide range of people and institutions participated in the preparation of the National Biodiversity Conservation Action Plan (1996) whose overall objective was to set in place measures to protect biodiversity and restore damaged areas, and ensure that biodiversity is integrated into economic and social programs... More »

Actions taken to achieve the 2020 Aichi Biodiversity Targets

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

In 2007, Mongolia’s special protected areas coverage reached 14% of the country’s territory. Currently, six of the protected areas are included in the list of World Heritage sites and UNESCO’s Man and the Biosphere reserves, while 11 areas are included in the Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance... More »

Support mechanisms for national implementation (legislation, funding, capacity-building, coordination, mainstreaming, etc.)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Mongolia has a very strong legal framework for implementing biodiversity conservation plans. The Law on Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) was adopted in 1998 and amended in 2001; other legal support mechanisms include the Constitution of Mongolia, Law on Environmental Protection, Law on Fauna, Law on Hunting, Law on Hunting Reserve Use Payments, Law on Hunting and Trapping Authorization Fees, Law on Mineral Resources, Law on Renewable Energy, Law on Buffer Zones (within the Law on Special Protected Areas), among others... More »

Mechanisms for monitoring and reviewing implementation

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

The Ministry of Nature, Environment and Tourism oversees most of the biodiversity programmes and initiatives. Additionally, other committees and groups, such as the National Committee for Sustainable Development and the Central State Body, have been established for addressing sustainable development and land use affairs, respectively... More »

National Contacts

Full details of national contacts »

Convention on Biological Diversity

Mr. Dorjgurkhem Batbold
CBD Primary NFP
Mr. Tsesed Banzragch
ICNP ABS NFP
Mr. Ravchig Samiya
SBSTTA NFP
Mr. Purev Tsogtsaikhan
CHM NFP
Mr. Ayuush Namkhai
Protected Areas NFP
Ms. Nergui Soninkhishig
GSPC NFP
Mr. Badamdorj Bayartogtokh
GTI NFP

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Mr. Altangerel Enkhbat
Cartagena Protocol Primary NFP
Mrs. Sandagdorj Bayarkhuu
BCH NFP

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  • United Nations Environment Programme