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Main References

National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (v.2)

Other Information about National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plans

Sixth National Report



National Website


NOTE: Visitors to the CBD website are advised to consult section VII of the sixth national report for updated information on the themes contained in the country profile below.

Biodiversity Facts

Status and trends of biodiversity, including benefits from biodiversity and ecosystem services

Mexico is distinguished as one of the world’s megadiverse countries and centers of domestication and origin of cultivated plants. The Natural Capital of Mexico (CONABIO, 2008-2009) remains the benchmark document on the status of Mexican biodiversity. Since its publication, certain thematic analyses have been carried out; however, a comprehensive updating of data is still to be developed... More »

Main pressures on and drivers of change to biodiversity (direct and indirect)

The main pressures are classified under six themes: ecosystem degradation and loss; overexploitation of species; introduction of invasive alien species; pollution; climate change; and urbanization.

Regarding climate change, an average annual temperature increase of 0.6 °C was registered between 1971 and 2008... More »

Measures to Enhance Implementation of the Convention

Implementation of the NBSAP

Mexico adopted its first NBSAP in 2000. Its implementation contributed to increasing the level of biodiversity knowledge, including status and threats, institutional capacity and social awareness.

Mexico is currently updating its NBSAP along six strategic lines (knowledge, conservation and restoration, sustainable management and use, factors related to pressures and threats, environmental education and culture, mainstreaming and governance), first identified in the document Natural Capital of Mexico: Strategic actions for valuation, preservation and restoration (2012), on which the revised NBSAP is based... More »

Actions taken to achieve the 2020 Aichi Biodiversity Targets

Positive incentives have been developed for the environmental sector and, even though a comprehensive analysis of incentives offered by other sectors is yet to be developed, the merging of common agendas between the environmental sector and the forestry, agricultural, fisheries and tourism sectors is currently underway in order to mainstream the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity within their plans, programs and policies... More »

Support mechanisms for national implementation (legislation, funding, capacity-building, coordination, mainstreaming, etc.)

Recently-adopted laws include the Federal Law on Environmental Responsibility (2013) and the General Law on Climate Change (2012). The list of Priority Species and Populations for Conservation (2014) was also formalized. Mexico’s revised NBSAP will address harmonizing the legal and regulatory frameworks at all levels of government in order to support institutions and conduct functions in a coordinated manner, with the effective participation of citizens... More »

Mechanisms for monitoring and reviewing implementation

A mechanism for comprehensively monitoring and reviewing NBSAP implementation is absent. While the existence of the various aforementioned public information systems facilitates the collection of information, there is a need to increase the quantity and quality of information on various issues, develop ad hoc indicator... More »

National Contacts

Full details of national contacts »

Convention on Biological Diversity

S.E. Dr. Victor Manuel Toledo
CBD Primary NFP
Ms. Camila Zepeda Lizama
CBD Primary NFP
Lic. Saúl Vicente Vásquez
Traditional Knowledge NFP
Mrs. Diana R. Hernàndez Robles
GTI NFP
Mr. Roberto Aviña Carlín
Protected Areas NFP
Mr. Hesiquio Benitez Diaz
SBSTTA NFP, GSPC NFP
Mr. Carlos Galindo Leal
CHM NFP, CHM Informal Advisory Committee

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Dr. Alejandro Espinosa Calderón
Cartagena Protocol Primary NFP
Biól. Erica Hagman Aguilar
BCH NFP

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  • United Nations
  • United Nations Environment Programme