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Mexico - Overview

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The designations employed and the presentation of material on this map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity or the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.


Biodiversity Facts

Status and trends of biodiversity, including benefits from biodiversity and ecosystem services

Mexico is distinguished as one of the world’s megadiverse countries and centers of domestication and origin of cultivated plants. The Natural Capital of Mexico (CONABIO, 2008-2009) remains the benchmark document on the status of Mexican biodiversity. Since its publication, certain thematic analyses have been carried out; however, a comprehensive updating of data is still to be developed... More »

Main pressures on and drivers of change to biodiversity (direct and indirect)

The main pressures are classified under six themes: ecosystem degradation and loss; overexploitation of species; introduction of invasive alien species; pollution; climate change; and urbanization.

Regarding climate change, an average annual temperature increase of 0.6 °C was registered between 1971 and 2008... More »

Measures to Enhance Implementation of the Convention

Implementation of the NBSAP

Mexico adopted its first NBSAP in 2000. Its implementation contributed to increasing the level of biodiversity knowledge, including status and threats, institutional capacity and social awareness.

Mexico is currently updating its NBSAP along six strategic lines (knowledge, conservation and restoration, sustainable management and use, factors related to pressures and threats, environmental education and culture, mainstreaming and governance), first identified in the document Natural Capital of Mexico: Strategic actions for valuation, preservation and restoration (2012), on which the revised NBSAP is based... More »

Actions taken to achieve the 2020 Aichi Biodiversity Targets

Positive incentives have been developed for the environmental sector and, even though a comprehensive analysis of incentives offered by other sectors is yet to be developed, the merging of common agendas between the environmental sector and the forestry, agricultural, fisheries and tourism sectors is currently underway in order to mainstream the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity within their plans, programs and policies... More »

Support mechanisms for national implementation (legislation, funding, capacity-building, coordination, mainstreaming, etc.)

Recently-adopted laws include the Federal Law on Environmental Responsibility (2013) and the General Law on Climate Change (2012). The list of Priority Species and Populations for Conservation (2014) was also formalized. Mexico’s revised NBSAP will address harmonizing the legal and regulatory frameworks at all levels of government in order to support institutions and conduct functions in a coordinated manner, with the effective participation of citizens... More »

Mechanisms for monitoring and reviewing implementation

A mechanism for comprehensively monitoring and reviewing NBSAP implementation is absent. While the existence of the various aforementioned public information systems facilitates the collection of information, there is a need to increase the quantity and quality of information on various issues, develop ad hoc indicator... More »

National Contacts

Full details of national contacts »

Convention on Biological Diversity

S.E. Sr. Rafael Pacchiano Alamán
CBD Primary NFP
Sra. Norma Munguía Aldaraca
CBD Primary NFP
Sr. Jorge Legorreta Ordorica
Traditional Knowledge NFP
Sr. Rubén Romano Fuentes
Traditional Knowledge NFP
Mr. Hesiquio Benitez Diaz
CHM NFP, CHM Informal Advisory Committee, SBSTTA NFP, GSPC NFP
Dr. Patricia Koleff Osorio
GTI NFP
Lic. Alejandro del Mazo Maza
Protected Areas NFP

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Sra. Rosa Inés González
BCH NFP
Dra. Sol Ortiz García
Cartagena Protocol Primary NFP

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  • United Nations Environment Programme