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Romania - Overview

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Main References

National Website

Status and Trends of Biodiversity

Overview

Romania lies at the geographic centre of Europe and possesses five of the ten biogeographic regions officially recognized by the European Union (alpine, continental, panonic, pontic, and steppe), making it the most biogeographically diverse country of the EU. It is also the only country of the EU to possess the steppe and pontic regions... More »

National Biodiversity Strategy Action Plan

Major features of National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan

In order of priority, the biodiversity objectives established for Romania include: the development of the legislative framework and institutional capacity; the organization of the national network of protected areas; the conservation of species with a high economic value; the integration of the NBSAP into national, sectoral and local strategies and policies; and the protection, conservation and restoration of biodiversity outside protected areas and biodiversity specific to agro-systems... More »

Implementation of the Convention

Measures Taken to Achieve the 2010 Target

Reintroduction of extirpated species is being implemented, with the beavers now reaching population levels of 200-300 individuals and the alpine marmot now having around 450-500 individuals. Other protection projects fall under the Life Natura banner and include the in-situ conservation of the meadow viper and a program for the conservation of subterranean habitats for bats in the South-West Carpathians... More »

Initiatives in Protected Areas

As of 2004, Romania had designated 963 protected areas, covering 7% of the country’s area, but most are paper parks without an administration in place yet. Several Important Plant Areas already have international recognition, 5 from the Ramsar Convention and 5 are Biosphere Reserves. The National Development Plan 2007-2013 establishes a target to protect 15% of the country by the end of 2013 in order to comply with European Union requirements... More »

Initiatives for Article 8(j)

No specific programs are developed for the involvement of local communities in the decision-making process regarding specific genetic technologies, but an ordnance was approved which includes procedures for public consultation, allowing local communities and small farmers to express their points of view. There is also a legal procedure of notification for local communities concerning restrictive genetic techniques... More »

National Contacts

Full details of national contacts »

Convention on Biological Diversity

Ms. Alina Frim
CBD Primary NFP
Mr. Nicolae Manta
CBD Secondary NFP, ICNP ABS NFP
Ms. Roxana Ionescu
CHM NFP
Prof. Dr. Angheluta Vadineanu
SBSTTA NFP
Ms. Ramona Cherăscu
Protected Areas NFP

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Ms. Roxana Ionescu
BCH NFP
Ms. Adriana Ivanus
Cartagena Protocol Primary NFP

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  • United Nations
  • United Nations Environment Programme