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Slovakia - Overview

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The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on maps, graphics and publications do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.

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Please note that this country profile has been prepared by the Secretariat on the basis of information provided in the NBSAP and national reports, but has not been reviewed by the Party concerned.

Main References

National Websites

Biodiversity Facts

Status and trends of biodiversity, including benefits from biodiversity and ecosystem services

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Slovakia’s geographic position, in the centre of Europe and on the boundary of the Carpathian Mountain and Pannonian lowland areas, allows for a rich diversity of flora and fauna... More »

Main pressures on and drivers of change to biodiversity (direct and indirect)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

The most significant threats to biodiversity and associated trends are: (i) habitat fragmentation caused by a significant increase in the construction of transport infrastructure; (ii) reduction in the use of arable land, particularly regarding permanent grassland (meadows and pastures), resulting from a reduction in livestock farming and the unprofitability of agriculture, thereby putting biotopes of rare species of flora and fauna at risk; (iii) invasive species whose impact is increasing in intensity due to permanent changes caused by agricultural activity, forestry, rearing of farm animals, intensive construction of buildings, including transport infrastructure; (iv) acidification of soil and water; (v) climate change and the higher incidence of extreme weather events (e.g... More »

Measures to Enhance Implementation of the Convention

Implementation of the NBSAP

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

The strategy document for the implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity is the National Biodiversity Strategy of Slovakia (NBS), adopted by Government Resolution No... More »

Actions taken to achieve the 2020 Aichi Biodiversity Targets

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

The share of protected areas rose from 23% in 1995 to 36% in 2009, mainly due to implementation of Natura 2000. Forest area increased by 9000 ha between 1998 and 2007 and Slovakia has one of the highest levels of forestation in Europe, even exceeding the increasing rate of timber extraction (which has risen by 63% since 1990)... More »

Support mechanisms for national implementation (legislation, funding, capacity-building, coordination, mainstreaming, etc.)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Significant attention has been given to biodiversity mainstreaming in the strategies and programs of other government departments, supporting implementation at the sectoral level: Agriculture (National Forest Program, National Strategy for Rural Development, National Programme for the Protection of Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture); Economy (Action Plan for Sustainable Development (2005-2010) and several principles of the State Tourism Policy); Education (Slovak Platform for Biodiversity); Health (National Environmental Health Action Plan); Culture (Slovak National Museum)... More »

Mechanisms for monitoring and reviewing implementation

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Environmental monitoring is based on a monitoring system that covers the country’s entire territory, designed to assess the condition of the environment as a whole, using information on the status and trends of each of its component parts... More »

National Contacts

Full details of national contacts »

Convention on Biological Diversity

Ms. Karina Kovácsová
CBD Primary NFP, CHM NFP, ICNP ABS NFP, Protected Areas NFP, ABS Competent National Authorities, GTI NFP
Mr. Jan Gazo
CHM NFP
Mr. Rastislav Rybanič
SBSTTA NFP
Mr. Ján Kadlečík
SBSTTA NFP, Protected Areas NFP
Dr. Karol Marhold
GTI NFP
Janka Galvánková
GSPC NFP
Libor Ulrych
GSPC NFP
Ms. Tereza Thompson
Protected Areas NFP

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Ms. Natália Mogelská
Cartagena Protocol Primary NFP, BCH NFP

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  • United Nations
  • United Nations Environment Programme