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Sao Tome and Principe - Overview

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The designations employed and the presentation of material on this map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity or the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

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Please note that this country profile has been prepared by the Secretariat on the basis of information provided in the NBSAP and national reports, but has not been reviewed by the Party concerned.


Biodiversity Facts

Status and trends of biodiversity, including benefits from biodiversity and ecosystem services

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Located in the Gulf of Guinea, off the west coast of Central Africa, the island nation of Sao Tome and Principe supports a very high level of endemism, particularly in terms of mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, butterflies, mollusks and flora, in relation to its small land area... More »

Main pressures on and drivers of change to biodiversity (direct and indirect)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

The main pressures include: habitat loss and degradation resulting from large-scale agricultural development, infrastructure development, subsistence agriculture, exploitation of wood resources, palm wine operations; disturbance from hunting, snail harvesting and deforestation; the impact of alien invasive species; predation by introduced species; misuse of chemical products; and the degradation of marine and coastal ecosystems... More »

Measures to Enhance Implementation of the Convention

Implementation of the NBSAP

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Developed in 2004, Sao Tome and Principe’s first NBSAP contained 3 general objectives: promote actions for reinforcing in situ and ex situ conservation of biodiversity; reinforce the institutional and legal framework for biodiversity; and prepare a strategy for the creation of ABS mechanisms addressing both the national and international levels of this issue... More »

Actions taken to achieve the 2020 Aichi Biodiversity Targets

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

A campaign to raise awareness on the Nagoya Protocol (which the country expects to ratify) was conducted in 2014. An atlas on threatened species of flora and fauna has also been developed to communicate the importance of biodiversity conservation... More »

Support mechanisms for national implementation (legislation, funding, capacity-building, coordination, mainstreaming, etc.)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

In 2006, the Obõ Nature Parks were created which occupy about 30% of the country’s surface. Notably, in 2012, the island of Principe was designated a UNESCO World Biosphere Reserve which has had a direct impact on protecting and conserving biodiversity, as exemplified with respect to populations of some endangered species, such the gray parrot and turtle, that have begun to increase and stabilize... More »

Mechanisms for monitoring and reviewing implementation

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

For better monitoring of NBSAP implementation, a monitoring and evaluation mechanism has been put in place. Indicators have been established to... More »

National Contacts

Full details of national contacts »

Convention on Biological Diversity

Mr. Aurélio de Sousa Jesus Rita
CBD Primary NFP
H.E. Mr. Carlos Filomena Agostinho das Neves
CBD Secondary NFP
Mr. José Deus Lima de Menezes
Resource Mobilization FP
Mr. Arlindo De Ceita Carvalho
CHM NFP

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Mr. Severino Neto do Espírito Santo
Cartagena Protocol Primary NFP
Mr. Lorenço Monteiro de Jesus
BCH NFP

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