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El Salvador - Overview

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The designations employed and the presentation of material on this map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity or the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

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Please note that this country profile has been prepared by the Secretariat on the basis of information provided in the NBSAP and national reports, but has not been reviewed by the Party concerned.

Main References

National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (v.2)

Fifth National Report



National Website


Biodiversity Facts

Status and trends of biodiversity, including benefits from biodiversity and ecosystem services

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

El Salvador has the distinction of being the smallest and only country without a coastline on the Caribbean Sea in Central America. Its territory covers 21,041 km2, 27% of which is presently forested (13% consists of natural forest ecosystems and almost 9% of shade-grown coffee plantations)... More »

Main pressures on and drivers of change to biodiversity (direct and indirect)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Direct threats to Salvadoran biodiversity include: habitat reduction and fragmentation caused by land use changes; over-exploitation of biological resources; contamination of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems; biological invasions; and climate change... More »

Measures to Enhance Implementation of the Convention

Implementation of the NBSAP

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

El Salvador’s first Biodiversity Strategy (2000) prioritized 5 overall activities: biodiversity inventorying; in situ and ex situ conservation; training and capacity development; technological research and development, and effective operationalization of the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources (MARN) through restructuring existing institutions and redefining responsibilities; and centralizing scattered units within MARN... More »

Actions taken to achieve the 2020 Aichi Biodiversity Targets

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

The fifth national report (2014) summarizes progress towards the global targets to date as follows:

A high level of progress has been achieved with respect to Target 17 (NBSAPs)... More »

Support mechanisms for national implementation (legislation, funding, capacity-building, coordination, mainstreaming, etc.)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Article 26 of the Law on Protected Natural Areas focuses on integrated management through consideration of geographical proximity and ecological interdependence between protected areas and their management by a single administration, in order to contribute to the establishment of the National Biological Corridor and promote socioeconomic development... More »

Mechanisms for monitoring and reviewing implementation

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Following the development of a Manual on Biodiversity Inventorying and Monitoring, a National Strategy for Biodiversity Inventorying and Monitoring was developed through a broad intersectoral consultation process... More »

National Contacts

Full details of national contacts »

Convention on Biological Diversity

Dr. Jorge Ernesto Quezada Diaz
CBD Primary NFP, CHM NFP
Dr. José Enrique Barraza
GTI NFP
Ing. Nelson Ovidio Arévalo Alvarado
Protected Areas NFP

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Dr. Jorge Ernesto Quezada Diaz
Cartagena Protocol Primary NFP, BCH NFP

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  • United Nations Environment Programme