Main References

National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (v.2)

Sixth National Report

NOTE: Visitors to the CBD website are advised to consult section VII of the sixth national report for updated information on the themes contained in the country profile below.

Biodiversity Facts

Status and trends of biodiversity, including benefits from biodiversity and ecosystem services

Tajikistan is a predominantly mountainous country in Central Asia, with 93% of its territory composed of mountains. It is divided into plains and low mountains (300-1600 masl), with desert savannoide flora and fauna with gray desert soils, midlands (1600-2800 masl) with mountain woodlands and forests and brown mountain soil, highland zones (2800-4500 masl) with alpine cold desert flora and fauna, with meadow-steppe, steppe, zang, and desert soils, and nival zones (4500 masl) with cryophyte flora with skeletal soils... More »

Main pressures on and drivers of change to biodiversity (direct and indirect)

An increase in economic development and activity in the past years is the main cause of changes in biodiversity and loss. Owing to soil degradation, arable land had decreased by 3.2% over the last fifteen years. Today, thanks to changes in the forestry sector and a series of reforestation programmes, illegal cutting in forest ecosystems has been stopped by 95-97%... More »

Measures to Enhance Implementation of the Convention

Implementation of the NBSAP

Tajikistan’s National Strategy and Action Plan on the Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity was adopted by a Decree of the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan on 1 September 2003. The NBSAP focuses on five strategic goals: (1) economic and social evaluation of national biological resources (2) regeneration and conservation of the genetic pool of plants and animals (3) in situ and ex situ biodiversity conservation (4) provision of biological safety for the country (5) sustainable use of biological resources to reduce poverty and improve the quality of human life... More »

Actions taken to achieve the 2020 Aichi Biodiversity Targets

National Center for Biodiversity and Biosafety (NBBC)

The National Center for Biodiversity and Biosafety (NBBC) was created to coordinate activities aimed at fulfilling the obligations and requirements of the Republic of Tajikistan, in regard to the UN Convention on Biological Diversity. The NBBC was approved by Government Decree No... More »

Support mechanisms for national implementation (legislation, funding, capacity-building, coordination, mainstreaming, etc.)

Mainstreaming has proven difficult, but progress has been achieved. Coordination among the different institutions is limited, and the development of sub-legislation and legal mechanisms for regulating implementation has been weak. The lack of a normative legal system for the use of genetic resources is an obstacle to collaboration and implementation of new technologies; its development remains one of the Tajikistan’s future work priorities in biodiversity... More »

Mechanisms for monitoring and reviewing implementation

At present, there is no single national biodiversity monitoring system. However, a database has been developed for the Specially Protected Natural Territories (SPNTs) to serve as a basis for monitoring and a model for database management. Other projects are implemented individually and are overseen by a special state agency for SPNT management established under the Environmental Commission in 2004... More »

National Contacts

Full details of national contacts »

Convention on Biological Diversity

Mr. Olimjon Yatimov
CBD Primary NFP
Mr. Dilovarshoh Dustzoda
Mr. Khisravshoh Shermatov
Protected Areas NFP

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Mr. Olimjon Yatimov
Cartagena Protocol Primary NFP, Cartagena Protocol emergency contact point
Mr. Dilovarshoh Dustzoda