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Tonga - Overview

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Please note that this country profile has been prepared by the Secretariat on the basis of information provided in the NBSAP and national reports, but has not been reviewed by the Party concerned.

Main References

National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan

Fourth National Report



Status and Trends of Biodiversity

Overview

The total known species of higher plants in Tonga are 463, with 2 identified as threatened species. Tonga has 2 mammals, both of which are considered endangered. 16 birds (with 3 identified as threatened), 17 reptiles (2 endangered) and 106 fishes (one endangered) have been found in Tonga.

Number and Extent of Protected Areas

Tonga has established 9 marine protected areas.

Percentage of Forest Cover

4,000 ha of forest cover the national territory, where 3,000 ha are natural forests and 1,000 ha are plantation areas.

Implementation of the Convention

Initiatives in Protected Areas

The Government of Tonga has developed policies for protected areas that cover the establishment and management of protected areas. The Parks and Reserves Act of 1976 established a Parks and Reserves Authority with members appointed by the Privy Council. The Minister of Lands is the Authority until the Privy Council appoints another... More »

National Contacts

Full details of national contacts »

Convention on Biological Diversity

Mr. Asipeli Palaki
CBD Primary NFP, Protected Areas NFP, GSPC NFP
Mr. Mahe 'Uli'uli Sandhurst Tupouniua
CBD Primary NFP
Mr. Nalesoni Leka
Protected Areas NFP
Ms. Atelaite Matoto
Protected Areas NFP

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Mr. Asipeli Palaki
Cartagena Protocol Primary NFP
Mr. Siosiua Latu
BCH NFP

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  • United Nations
  • United Nations Environment Programme