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Ukraine - Overview

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Biodiversity Facts

Status and trends of biodiversity, including benefits from biodiversity and ecosystem services

Occupying less than 6% of the area of Europe, Ukraine possesses 35% of its biodiversity. This is due to its favorable location, with a lot of migration routes and natural zones occurring in the country. Biota comprise over 70 thousand species, including many rare, relict and endemic species. A number of flora and fauna species in need of special protection are included in the Red Data Book of Ukraine (the most recent edition of the Red Data Book of Ukraine (2009) contains 826 species of flora and 542 species of fauna)... More »

Main pressures on and drivers of change to biodiversity (direct and indirect)

Major threats to biodiversity include the fragmentation of landscapes, the development of infrastructure and urbanization, pollution, over-exploitation of bioresources, destruction of certain types of landscapes as a result of agricultural activities and the introduction of alien biological species.

Measures to Enhance Implementation of the Convention

Implementation of the NBSAP

The major measures identified in the NBSAP (1998) include: (a) conservation and restoration of coastal, marine, riparian, flood plain, lacustrine, mire, wetland, meadow, steppe, forest and montane ecosystems; (b) preservation of species and populations; (c) ecological optimization of urban landscapes and other highly disturbed territories; (d) “ecologization” of agricultural landscapes and agricultural technologies, as well as existing practices in forestry, fishery, game, land and water management; (e) development of national ecological networks (a system of “green corridors”) as a constituent part of the European Ecological Network (EECONET)... More »

Actions taken to achieve the 2020 Aichi Biodiversity Targets

The Presidential Decree on additional measures for the development of a nature reserve fund in Ukraine is a major contributor to conservation programs in protected areas. So far, one of the most effective ways to conserve biodiversity has been identified as the preservation of the natural state of key territories through the establishment of an ecological network... More »

Support mechanisms for national implementation (legislation, funding, capacity-building, coordination, mainstreaming, etc.)

Funds for implementation of biodiversity conservation activities at the state level are derived primarily from the state budget, and mainly from the budget for implementing the state program for the creation of a national ecological network. Funding amounted to UAH 4 592 996 in 2011 (~USD 576 285) and UAH 6 429 881 in 2012 (~USD 804 700)... More »

Mechanisms for monitoring and reviewing implementation

Among the 95 programs for biodiversity monitoring, the details of which were collected in 2007 at the international level, about one-third relate to phytodiversity, with the remainder devoted to monitoring animal species. Most monitoring programs are carried out in the western and southern regions, with smaller programs carried out in the central and eastern parts of the country... More »

National Contacts

Full details of national contacts »

Convention on Biological Diversity

Dr. Sergiy I. Gubar
CBD Primary NFP, SBSTTA NFP, ICNP ABS NFP
Mrs. Yuliya Bondarenko
CHM NFP
Dr. Sergiy Mosyakin
GTI NFP
Dr. Igor V. Dovgal
GTI NFP
Mr. Igor Ivanenko
Protected Areas NFP

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Dr. Sergiy I. Gubar
Cartagena Protocol Primary NFP, BCH NFP

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  • United Nations
  • United Nations Environment Programme