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Vanuatu - Overview

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The designations employed and the presentation of material on this map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity or the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

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Please note that this country profile has been prepared by the Secretariat on the basis of information provided in the NBSAP and national reports, but has not been reviewed by the Party concerned.

Main References


Biodiversity Facts

Status and trends of biodiversity, including benefits from biodiversity and ecosystem services

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Vanuatu is a Y-shaped archipelago consisting of 83 volcanic islands located in the Southwest Pacific Ocean. Although listed as one of five Oceanic countries important in terms of biodiversity wealth, very little was known about Vanuatu’s biodiversity prior to the year 2005, compared to these other countries... More »

Main pressures on and drivers of change to biodiversity (direct and indirect)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

The greatest threats to terrestrial biodiversity are a result of human activities. In 2013, the Vanuatu National Statistics Office estimated the population of Vanuatu to have a growth rate of 2.3% per annum... More »

Measures to Enhance Implementation of the Convention

Implementation of the NBSAP

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

As a result of endorsement of the NBSAP in 1999, various national projects were developed and outside research conducted in accordance with the priority actions of the NBSAP... More »

Actions taken to achieve the 2020 Aichi Biodiversity Targets

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Reforestation activities are being carried out by the Department of Forests. Seeds are collected from sources around Vanuatu, and later distributed to community nurseries and to private individuals, as well as planted at the Department of Forests’ nurseries... More »

Support mechanisms for national implementation (legislation, funding, capacity-building, coordination, mainstreaming, etc.)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

The recently adopted Overarching Productive Sector Policy (2012-2017) has had considerable biodiversity-oriented strategies mainstreamed into it... More »

Mechanisms for monitoring and reviewing implementation

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Although such a mechanism for comprehensively monitoring and reviewing implementation does not exist in Vanuatu at the moment, the revised NBSAP... More »

National Contacts

Full details of national contacts »

Convention on Biological Diversity

Ministry of Lands and Natural Resources
CBD Primary NFP, CHM NFP
Ms. Donna Kalfatak
Protected Areas NFP

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Ministry of Lands and Natural Resources
BCH NFP

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  • United Nations Environment Programme