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Turkey - Main Details

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Status and Trends of Biodiversity


Turkey enjoys several distinct biogeographic regions, each with its own endemic species and natural ecosystems, which are the Caucasian Mountain forests, with the temperate deciduous forest, alpine meadows, Central and Eastern Anatolian steppe grasslands and the Mediterranean region, which includes the world’s largest remaining Cypress forests and Lebanon Cedar forests. In addition, Turkey hosts 75% of the total number of plant species found in Europe. Furthermore, Turkish wetlands are of crucial importance for many breeding species of birds, such as the Dalmatian pelican, which is a globally threatened bird. Moreover, approximately 70% of the world’s population of the White-headed duck, another globally threatened species, spends its winters in Turkish wetlands, especially at the Burdur Lake. Millions of migratory birds move between Western Eurasia and Africa each year. In the fall, flocks of storks and birds of prey can be seen from the hills of Camlica in Istanbul. Coruh Valley, located in the northeast of Turkey, reprensents another major migration route, especially for birds of prey. (NBSAP)

National Biodiversity Strategy Action Plan

Major features of National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan

Turkey’s NBSAP is based on the five following assumptions: biodiversity is the biological foundation for sustainable development; biodiversity is in jeopardy; conserving biodiversity is a shared responsibility; biodiversity links to future prosperity; and Turkey contributes to global biodiversity conservation. Turkey’s NBSAP comprise 6 goals, which relate to: conservation and sustainable use; ecological management; education and awareness; incentives and legislation; International Cupertino; and implementation. In addition, Turkey has prepared a priority action plan and the NBSAP specifies that progress reports will be elaborated every two years. (NBSAP)

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  • United Nations
  • United Nations Environment Programme