Decision COP X/3

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UNEP/CBD/COP/DEC/10/3 filtered
Strategy for resource mobilization in support of the achievement of the Convention’s three objectives
A. Concrete activities and initiatives including measurable targets and/or indicators to achieve the strategic goals contained in the strategy for resource mobilization and on indicators to monitor the implementation of the Strategy
The Conference of the Parties,
Recalling the strategy for resource mobilization in support of the achievement of the Convention’s objectives adopted in decision IX/11 B,
Having considered recommendation 3/8 of the third meeting of the Ad Hoc Open ended Working Group on the Review of Implementation of the Convention,
Reaffirming the commitment of Parties to meet the obligations set out in the provisions of Article 20 of the Convention and in accordance with the Rio Principles,
Emphasizing that any new and innovative funding mechanisms are supplementary and do not replace the financial mechanisms established under the provisions of Article 21 of the Convention,
Bearing in mind the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020,
operational active others

paragraph A. 1

1.Invites Parties that have not done so to appoint a “resource mobilization focal point” to facilitate national implementation of the strategy for resource mobilization;
informational

paragraph A. 2

2.Reiterates that national implementation of the strategy for resource mobilization should include, as appropriate, the design and dissemination of a country-specific resource mobilization strategy, with the involvement of key stakeholders, in the framework of updated national biodiversity strategy and action plans;
operational active es

paragraph A. 3

3.Requests the Executive Secretary, subject to the availability of resources, to organize regional and subregional workshops to assist with the development of country-specific resource mobilization strategies, including for indigenous and local communities, as part of the process of updating national biodiversity strategy and action plans, to promote exchange of experience and good practice in financing for biological diversity, and to facilitate the national monitoring of the outcomes of country specific resource mobilization strategies;
operational superseded GEF

paragraph A. 4

4.Requests the Global Environment Facility to provide timely and adequate financial support for updating national biodiversity strategies and action plans, which may include the development of country-specific resource mobilization strategies;
operational active

paragraph A. 5

5.Decides that the global monitoring reports on the implementation of the strategy for resource mobilization should be prepared in time for consideration by the Conference of the Parties at its ordinary meetings, with national and regional participation, and should provide essential information on the status and trends in biodiversity financing and help to disseminate funding knowledge and know-how as related to biodiversity;
operational active es

paragraph A. 6

6.Requests the Executive Secretary, within available resources, to undertake concrete activities and initiatives to achieve the strategic goals of the strategy for resource mobilization, which could include, inter alia, the following: 

paragraph A. 6 item (a)

(a)Periodic global monitoring reports on the implementation of the strategy for resource mobilization;

paragraph A. 6 item (b)

(b)Regional or subregional workshops to assess funding needs and identify gaps and priorities;

paragraph A. 6 item (c)

(c)Global support to the development of national financial plans for biodiversity;

paragraph A. 6 item (d)

(d)Continuation of the Development and Biodiversity Initiative;

paragraph A. 6 item (e)

(e)Further activities on new and innovative financial mechanisms;

paragraph A. 6 item (f)

(f)Training for resource mobilization focal points;

paragraph A. 6 item (g)

(g)Global forums on biodiversity and associated ecosystem services;
operational implemented

paragraph A. 7

7.Adopts the following indicators for monitoring the implementation of the strategy for resource mobilization, based on its mission and eight goals:
(1)Aggregated financial flows, in the amount and where relevant percentage, of biodiversity-related funding, per annum, for achieving the Convention’s three objectives, in a manner that avoids double counting, both in total and in, inter alia, the following categories: 
(a) Official Development Assistance (ODA);
(b) Domestic budgets at all levels;
(c) Private sector;
(d) Non-governmental organizations, foundations, and academia;
(e) International financial institutions;
(f) United Nations organizations, funds and programmes;
(g) Non-ODA public funding;
(h) South-South cooperation initiatives;
(i) Technical cooperation;
(2) Number of countries that have:
(a)Assessed values of biodiversity, in accordance with the Convention;
(b)Identified and reported funding needs, gaps and priorities;
(c)Developed national financial plans for biodiversity;
(d)Been provided with the necessary funding and capacity building to undertake the above activities;
(3) Amount of domestic financial support, per annum, in respect of those domestic activities which are intended to achieve the objectives of this Convention;
(4) Amount of funding provided through the Global Environment Facility and allocated to biodiversity focal area;
(5)Level of CBD and Parties’ support to other financial institutions that promote replication and scaling-up of relevant successful financial mechanisms and instruments;
(6) Number of international financing institutions, United Nations organizations, funds and programmes, and the development agencies that report to the Development Assistance Committee of Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD/DAC), with biodiversity and associated ecosystem services as a cross-cutting policy;
(7) Number of Parties that integrate considerations on biological diversity and its associated ecosystem services in development plans, strategies and budgets;
(8) Number of South-South cooperation initiatives conducted by developing country Parties and those that may be supported by other Parties and relevant partners, as a complement to necessary North-South cooperation;
(9) Amount and number of South-South and North-South technical cooperation and capacity building initiatives that support biodiversity;
(10) Number of global initiatives that heighten awareness on the need for resource mobilization for biodiversity;
(11)Amount of financial resources from all sources from developed countries to developing countries to contribute to achieving the Convention’s objectives;
(12)Amount of financial resources from all sources from developed countries to developing countries towards the implementation of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020;
(13)Resources mobilized from the removal, reform or phase-out of incentives, including subsidies, harmful to biodiversity, which could be used for the promotion of positive incentives, including but not limited to innovative financial mechanisms, that are consistent and in harmony with the Convention and other international obligations, taking into account national social and economic conditions;
(14)Number of initiatives, and respective amounts, supplementary to the financial mechanism established under Article 21, that engage Parties and relevant organizations in new and innovative financial mechanisms, which consider intrinsic values and all other values of biodiversity, in accordance with the objectives of the Convention and the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of the Benefits Arising out of Their Utilization;
(15)Number of access and benefit sharing initiatives and mechanisms, consistent with the Convention and, when in effect, with the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of the Benefits Arising out of Their Utilization, including awareness-raising, that enhance resource mobilization;

paragraph A. 8

8.Committed to substantially increasing resources (financial, human and technical) from all sources, including innovative financial mechanisms, balanced with the effective implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity and its Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020, against an established baseline: 
operational active parties other governments

paragraph A. 8 item (a)

(a)Invites Parties and other Governments to implement the indicators set out in paragraph 7 and associated targets following collection of information from the Parties and advice of the Executive Secretary to the Conference of the Parties at its eleventh meeting, consistent with target 20 of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020, in accordance with the process below;
operational elapsed parties other governments others

paragraph A. 8 item (b)

(b)Invites Parties, other Governments and levels of governments, relevant international organizations, and civil-society organizations, in response to the indicators contained in paragraph 7 above and other information pertinent to the indicators, to submit information not later than 30 June 2011 for the Executive Secretary to compile and present a synthesis of this information;
operational implemented parties others

paragraph A. 8 item (c)

(c)Invites Parties, relevant organizations and initiatives, such as the World People’s Conference on Climate Change and the Right of Mother Earth, to submit information concerning innovative financial mechanisms that have potential to generate new and additional financial resources as well as possible problems that could undermine achievement of the Convention’s three objectives, not later than 30 June 2011, for the Executive Secretary to compile and present a synthesis of this information;
operational implemented es

paragraph A. 8 item (d)

(d)Requests the Executive Secretary to compile information from all sources, including but not limited to the Biodiversity Indicator Partnership, to give methodological guidance to the above indicators, including collaborating with the Development Assistance Committee of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD/DAC) and informed by the work of the ad hoc technical expert group on indicators for the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020;
operational implemented es

paragraph A. 8 item (e)

(e)Requests the Executive Secretary to provide guidelines to the Parties during 2011 for the implementation of this methodology on the application of indicators and establishment of a baseline year;
operational elapsed parties

paragraph A. 8 item (f)

(f)Invites Parties to apply the methodology during 2011-2012 to measure gaps and needs as well as progress in the increase in, and mobilization of, resources against the indicators set out in paragraph 7 of the present decision, using the baseline year established above;
operational active parties

paragraph A. 8 item (g)

(g)Invites Parties to present relevant information to the Secretariat in a timely manner;
operational implemented es

paragraph A. 8 item (h)

(h)Requests the Executive Secretary to compile and consolidate information from all relevant sources, and on this, determine baselines to be presented to the Conference of the Parties at its eleventh meeting for agreement by the Parties;
operational implemented

paragraph A. 8 item (i)

(i)Decides to adopt targets at its eleventh meeting, provided that robust baselines have been identified and endorsed and that an effective reporting framework has been adopted. This will allow progress towards the targets set out in this decision and towards target 20 of the Strategic Plan, including an effective reporting framework, to be used in assessing the information provided by Parties as outlined in this decision for the consideration of the Conference of the Parties at its eleventh meeting;

paragraph A. 9

9. Considers the following for the development of targets:
operational active

paragraph A. 9 item (a)

(a)Increase the annual international financial flows by 2020 to partner countries to contribute to achieving the Convention’s three objectives. 
operational elapsed

paragraph A. 9 item (b)

(b)All Parties provided with adequate financial resources will have, by 2015: 

paragraph A. 9 item (b)

(i)Reported funding needs, gaps and priorities;

paragraph A. 9 item (b)

(ii)Assessed and/or evaluated the intrinsic value, ecological, genetic, social economic, scientific, educational, cultural, recreational and aesthetic values of biological diversity and its components;

paragraph A. 9 item (b)

(iii)Prepared national financial plans for biodiversity; 
operational active

paragraph A. 9 item (c)

(c)Increase the number of initiatives for the removal, reform or phase-out of incentives, including subsidies harmful to biodiversity, which could be used for the promotion of positive incentives that are consistent and in harmony with the Convention and other international obligations;
operational elapsed parties

paragraph A. 10

10.Invites Parties to submit, through the Executive Secretary, information to the Working Group on Review of Implementation regarding their views about the basis upon which targets are to be adopted at eleventh meeting of the Conference of the Parties; 
operational active parties

paragraph A. 11

11.Recognizing that many developing countries have undertaken analyses of the values of their biodiversity and are working to close the financial gap to effectively conserve their biological resources, invites Parties to share their experiences and lessons learned, and calls upon developed countries to respond to the needs identified, and to create enabling conditions for those countries yet to undertake such analyses to identify their respective needs.
operational active others

paragraph A. 12

12.Invites the Development Assistance Committee of the Organisation for Economic Co operation and Development to revisit the Rio Markers with a view to providing methodological guidance and coherence in support of paragraph 7, indicator 1 (a);
informational

paragraph A. 13

13.Notes with appreciation the “Policy statement on the integration of biodiversity and its associated ecosystem services into development co-operation” by the Development Assistance Committee of the Organisation for Economic Co operation and Development at its senior-level meeting on 15 April 2010;  
informational

paragraph A. 14

14.Stresses the importance of mobilizing the necessary resources for mainstreaming  biodiversity in national strategies for sustainable development and poverty reduction strategies in order to integrate biodiversity better in the national, regional and local decision-making processes, in the light of this strategy for resource mobilization;
operational active others

paragraph A. 15

15.Invites donor Parties to provide timely and adequate financial support to the realization of the concrete activities and initiatives to achieve the strategic goals of the strategy for resource mobilization. 
B.Review of implementation of the Convention’s strategy for resource mobilization (goals 1, 3 and 4, as well as goals 6 and 8)
The Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity
informational

paragraph B. 1

1.Takes note of the note pertinent to goals 1, 3 and 4 as well as goals 6 and 8 of the resource mobilization strategy in support of the achievement of the Convention’s three objectives, prepared by the Executive Secretary, in accordance with paragraph 5 of decision IX/11 B;  
operational active

paragraph B. 2

2.Decides to continue the review of implementation of goals 1, 3 and 4 as well as goals 6 and 8 of the Convention’s strategy for resource mobilization at the twelfth meeting of the Conference of the Parties, in accordance with decision IX/11 B; 
operational implemented WGRI

paragraph B. 3

3.Requests the Ad Hoc Open Ended Working Group on the Review of Implementation of the Convention at its fourth meeting, with support of the Executive Secretary, to prepare for reviews of implementation of the Convention’s strategy for resource mobilization to be undertaken by the eleventh meeting of the Conference of the Parties, in accordance with decision IX/11 B;
operational implemented parties organizations es

paragraph B. 4

4.Invites Parties and relevant organizations to submit views, information and experience on the implementation of the Strategy for Resource Mobilization, and requests the Executive Secretary to prepare a compilation of the information received for consideration by the Ad Hoc Open Ended Working Group on Review of Implementation of the Convention at its fourth meeting.
Body
Conference of the Parties (COP)

Meeting
COP-10
Tenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity
18 - 29 October, 2010
Nagoya, Aichi Prefecture, Japan

Elements of decision
41 4 informational 25 operational
25 8 implemented 1 superseded 4 elapsed 12 active

Actors
24 5 Others   6 executive-secretary   1 GEF   8 parties   2 other-governments   1 WGRI   1 organizations  

AICHI targets
1

Subjects
1 Financial Mechanism and Resources Mobilization

Document
Related decisions
IX/11 B para 8
Review of implementation of Articles 20 and 21
8. Requests the Ad Hoc Open Ended Group on Review of Implementation of the Convention to prepare at its third meeting a list of concrete activities and initiatives to achieve the strategic goals of the strategy for resource mobilization and on indicators to monitor the implementation of the Strategy, and submit it for consideration of the Conference of the Parties, at its tenth meeting;
XI/4 para 1
Review of implementation of the strategy for resource mobilization, including the establishment of targets
1.Urges Parties to consider all possible sources and means that can help to meet the level of resources needed, in accordance with Article 20 of the Convention and consistent with decision X/3;
XI/4 para 3
Review of implementation of the strategy for resource mobilization, including the establishment of targets
3.Recalling decision X/3 and Aichi Biodiversity Target 20, reiterating that resources (financial, human and technical) need to be mobilized from all sources and that this should be balanced with the effective implementation of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011–2020, and highlighting the need for further consideration to be given to evaluating resources mobilized in terms of the biodiversity outcomes achieved;
XI/4 para 7
Review of implementation of the strategy for resource mobilization, including the establishment of targets
7.As outlined in decision X/3, decides on an overall substantial increase in total biodiversity related funding for the implementation of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011–2020 from a variety of sources, using the baseline information referred to in paragraph 6, and, taking into account the limited information available regarding baselines for the indicators adopted in decision X/3, based on Parties’ reporting in line with paragraph 5, resolves to achieve the following preliminary targets, which are to be considered mutually supportive but independent:(a)Double total biodiversity-related international financial resource flows to developing countries, in particular least developed countries and small island developing States, as well as countries with economies in transition, by 2015 and at least maintaining this level until 2020, in accordance with Article 20 of the Convention, to contribute to the achievement of the Convention’s three objectives, including through a country-driven prioritization of biodiversity within development plans in recipient countries, using the preliminary baseline referred to in paragraph 6;(b)Endeavour for 100 per cent, but at least 75 per cent, of Parties to have included biodiversity in their national priorities or development plans by 2015 and have therefore made appropriate domestic financial provisions;(c)Endeavour for 100 per cent, but at least 75 per cent, of Parties provided with adequate financial resources to have reported domestic biodiversity expenditures, as well as funding needs, gaps and priorities, by 2015, in order to improve the robustness of the baseline and to refine the preliminary targets, as appropriate;(d)Endeavour for 100 per cent, but at least 75 per cent, of Parties provided with adequate financial resources to have prepared national financial plans for biodiversity by 2015, and that 30 per cent of those Parties have assessed and/or evaluated the intrinsic, ecological, genetic, socioeconomic, scientific, educational, cultural, recreational and aesthetic values of biological diversity and its components;
XI/4 para 19
Review of implementation of the strategy for resource mobilization, including the establishment of targets
19.Recognizing that the Convention’s strategy for resource mobilization calls for the exploration of new and innovative financial mechanisms at all levels with a view to increasing funding to support the Convention and its Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011–2020, and that some of those mechanisms are already being applied, and recalling decision X/3, reiterates that any new and innovative financial mechanisms are supplementary to and do not replace the financial mechanism established under Article 21 of the Convention;
XI/4 para 26
Review of implementation of the strategy for resource mobilization, including the establishment of targets
26.Requests the Executive Secretary to elaborate additional guidance for Parties to apply the indicators adopted in decision X/3 for national and subnational application, and to undertake an assessment of the indicator framework, based on Parties’ experiences;
XI/15 para 1
Review of the programme of work on island biodiversity
1.Urges Parties, and invites other Governments, financial institutions and other relevant organizations to strengthen the implementation of the programme of work on island biodiversity and to build on successful island approaches by:(a)Promoting and supporting high-level regional commitments, such as the island challenges referred to above and other large-scale efforts, that have demonstrated success in rapidly increasing protected areas and achieving other Aichi Biodiversity Targets relevant to the programme of work on island biodiversity;(b)Adapting and expanding proven, cost-effective mechanisms to strengthen local capacity, particularly peer-learning networks, learning exchanges, transfer of technologies, sharing of lessons learned and best practices, communication and information exchange tools, targeted technical assistance, formal training and education;(c)Considering the development of innovative financial arrangements to mobilize additional resources, in accordance with Articles 20 and 21 of the Convention, through the strategy for resource mobilization, in line with decisions IX/11, X/3 and XI/4, in support of the implementation of the programme of work on island biodiversity, including trust funds, “debt for adaptation to climate change swaps”, payments for ecosystem services, and fees for tourism or natural resource use, dedicated to effective conservation;(d)Maintaining and supporting key databases and information portals, such as the Global Island Database, the Threatened Island Biodiversity Database, the Database of Island Invasive Species Eradications, the Global Invasive Species Database, the Island Biodiversity and Invasive Species Database and Small Islands Developing States Network (SIDSNet), to enable effective invasive species monitoring and eradication prioritization on islands, as valuable tools in support of the implementation of the programme of work;(e)Addressing in particular the gaps in implementation identified in the in-depth review that are listed in paragraph 19 of UNEP/CBD/SBSTTA/16/4;
XI/16 para 3
Ecosystem restoration
3.Recognizing that developing countries, in particular the least developed countries and small island developing States, as well as countries with economies in transition, including countries that are centres of origin or diversity of genetic resources, require financial and technical resources in order to implement ecosystem restoration programmes and achieve the related Aichi Biodiversity Targets, including Targets 14 and 15, and that such resources should be provided by financial mechanisms under Article 20 of the Convention on Biological Diversity and mobilized according to Article 20 and the strategy for resource mobilization in line with decisions IX/11, X/3 and XI/4;
XI/21 para 5
Biodiversity and climate change: integrating biodiversity considerations into climate change related activities
5.Encourages Parties, other Governments and relevant organizations to further mobilize resources, in accordance with Article 20 of the Convention, the strategy for resource mobilization in line with decisions IX/11, X/3 and XI/4, and aware of the Rio Principles, in order to fill biodiversity and ecosystem services data gaps in the context of climate change, and to undertake research studies at spatial scales from local scales to larger landscapes;