Decision COP XI/4

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UNEP/CBD/COP/DEC/11/4 filtered

Review of implementation of the strategy for resource mobilization, including the establishment of targets

The Conference of the Parties

I.TARGET SETTING

operational active parties

paragraph 1

1.Urges Parties to consider all possible sources and means that can help to meet the level of resources needed, in accordance with Article 20 of the Convention and consistent with decision X/3;

informational

paragraph 2

2.Concerned that the lack of sufficient financial resources continues to be one of the main obstacles to achieving the Convention’s three objectives and implementing the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011–2020 and its Aichi Biodiversity Targets;

informational

paragraph 3

3.Recalling decision X/3 and Aichi Biodiversity Target 20, reiterating that resources (financial, human and technical) need to be mobilized from all sources and that this should be balanced with the effective implementation of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011–2020, and highlighting the need for further consideration to be given to evaluating resources mobilized in terms of the biodiversity outcomes achieved;

informational

paragraph 4

4.Recalling decision X/3, paragraph 8(i), reaffirms its decision to adopt targets at its eleventh meeting, provided that robust baselines have been identified and endorsed and that an effective reporting framework has been adopted;

operational implemented parties

paragraph 5

5.Welcomes and decides to use the preliminary reporting framework and methodological and implementation guidance (UNEP/CBD/COP/11/14/Add.1) as a flexible and preliminary framework to report on and monitor resources mobilized for biodiversity at national and global level, and invites Parties to build on this flexible framework at national level as part of monitoring, including in the implementation of national biodiversity strategies and action plans, as appropriate, and to report prior to the fifth meeting of the Ad Hoc Open-ended Working Group on Review of Implementation of the Convention on successes and barriers encountered in reporting on and monitoring resources mobilized for biodiversity, in view of the review foreseen in paragraph 23;

operational implemented parties other governments

paragraph 6

6.Invites Parties and other Governments to submit their information through the preliminary reporting framework referred to in paragraph 5, using average annual biodiversity funding for the years 2006–2010 as a preliminary baseline, and to report on their experiences of applying the preliminary reporting framework prior to the fifth meeting of the Ad Hoc Open-ended Working Group on Review of Implementation of the Convention in a timely manner for their consideration by the Working Group;

operational active

paragraph 7

7.As outlined in decision X/3, decides on an overall substantial increase in total biodiversity related funding for the implementation of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011–2020 from a variety of sources, using the baseline information referred to in paragraph 6, and, taking into account the limited information available regarding baselines for the indicators adopted in decision X/3, based on Parties’ reporting in line with paragraph 5, resolves to achieve the following preliminary targets, which are to be considered mutually supportive but independent:

paragraph 7 item (a)

(a)Double total biodiversity-related international financial resource flows to developing countries, in particular least developed countries and small island developing States, as well as countries with economies in transition, by 2015 and at least maintaining this level until 2020, in accordance with Article 20 of the Convention, to contribute to the achievement of the Convention’s three objectives, including through a country-driven prioritization of biodiversity within development plans in recipient countries, using the preliminary baseline referred to in paragraph 6;

paragraph 7 item (b)

(b)Endeavour for 100 per cent, but at least 75 per cent, of Parties to have included biodiversity in their national priorities or development plans by 2015 and have therefore made appropriate domestic financial provisions;

paragraph 7 item (c)

(c)Endeavour for 100 per cent, but at least 75 per cent, of Parties provided with adequate financial resources to have reported domestic biodiversity expenditures, as well as funding needs, gaps and priorities, by 2015, in order to improve the robustness of the baseline and to refine the preliminary targets, as appropriate;

paragraph 7 item (d)

(d)Endeavour for 100 per cent, but at least 75 per cent, of Parties provided with adequate financial resources to have prepared national financial plans for biodiversity by 2015, and that 30 per cent of those Parties have assessed and/or evaluated the intrinsic, ecological, genetic, socioeconomic, scientific, educational, cultural, recreational and aesthetic values of biological diversity and its components;

operational implemented

paragraph 8

8.Mindful of the potential of Aichi Biodiversity Target 3 to mobilize resources for biodiversity, decides to consider modalities and milestones for the full operationalization of this Target at its twelfth meeting, with a view to their adoption;

operational implemented

paragraph 9

9.Acknowledging that, in many developing countries, domestic resources already cover the largest share of biodiversity-related resource mobilization, decides to establish, at its twelfth meeting, a transparent process that would encourage and facilitate reporting efforts by developing countries towards achieving the objectives of the Convention and the Aichi Biodiversity Targets.

II.REVIEW OF IMPLEMENTATION OF THE STRATEGY FOR RESOURCE MOBILIZATION

operational implemented es

paragraph 10

10.Recalling decision IX/11 on the Strategy for Resource Mobilization, decides that the implementation of the strategy for resource mobilization will be reviewed at the fifth meeting of the Ad Hoc Open-ended Working Group on Review of Implementation of the Convention and requests the Executive Secretary to prepare for this review, including by completing the review of implementation of Goals 2, 5, 6, 7 and 8 of the strategy for resource mobilization, based on input provided by Parties and other relevant stakeholders and additional relevant sources of data, for consideration by the Working Group at its fifth meeting;

operational implemented es

paragraph 11

11.Reiterates decision X/3, paragraph 5, which states that the global monitoring reports on the implementation of the strategy for resource mobilization should be prepared in time for consideration by the Conference of the Parties at its ordinary meetings, and requests the Executive Secretary to prepare periodic global monitoring reports on the implementation of the strategy for resource mobilization;

operational elapsed

paragraph 12

12.Decides to include consideration of resource mobilization for the Nagoya Protocol in the implementation of the strategy for resource mobilization in support of the achievement of the three objectives of the Convention for the period 2008–2015;

operational active parties others

paragraph 13

13.Recalling decision X/3, paragraph 11, which recognizes that many developing countries have undertaken analyses of the values of their biodiversity and are working to close the financial gap to effectively conserve their biological resources, invites Parties to share experiences and lessons learned and calls upon developed countries to respond to needs identified and to create enabling conditions for those countries yet to undertake such analyses to identify their respective needs;

operational active parties other governments

paragraph 14

14.Recalling decision IX/11, paragraph 6, urges Parties and other Governments, where appropriate, to continue to enhance national administrative and managerial capacities, to create the enabling environment to mobilize private and public-sector investments in biological diversity and its associated ecosystem services;

operational active parties

paragraph 15

15.Invites Parties, as appropriate, to support developing countries, in particular least developed countries and small island developing States, as well as countries with economies in transition, to enhance institutional, national, administrative and managerial capacities, in order to increase the effectiveness and sustainability of international and national financial flows;

operational active parties others

paragraph 16

16.Recalling decision IX/11, paragraph 4, and taking into account decision X/3, paragraph 11, invites Parties and relevant partner organizations to examine their role in establishing enabling conditions for the public and private sectors to support the objectives of the Convention and its two protocols, and to submit information on their experiences to the Executive Secretary (see also UNEP/CBD/WG-RI/4/9);

operational active parties

paragraph 17

17.Encourages Parties to undertake institutional mapping/analysis, covering the whole range of biodiversity resourcing options, as part of developing country-specific resource mobilization strategies within the framework of revising national biodiversity strategies and action plans;

operational active parties

paragraph 18

18.Invites Parties to consider the advice and technical information contained in decision XI/30 on incentive measures;

informational

paragraph 19

19.Recognizing that the Convention’s strategy for resource mobilization calls for the exploration of new and innovative financial mechanisms at all levels with a view to increasing funding to support the Convention and its Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011–2020, and that some of those mechanisms are already being applied, and recalling decision X/3, reiterates that any new and innovative financial mechanisms are supplementary to and do not replace the financial mechanism established under Article 21 of the Convention;

operational implemented es WGRI

paragraph 20

20.Takes note of the synthesis on innovative financial mechanisms (UNEP/CBD/COP/11/14/Add.3), which is based on submissions made in response to decision X/3, paragraph 8 (c), and highlights activities related to innovative financial mechanisms that have taken place since the tenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties, and the discussion paper on safeguards for scaling-up biodiversity finance and possible guiding principles (UNEP/CBD/COP/11/INF7); recalls the outcome of the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20), which encourages the further exploration and use of innovative sources of financing, alongside traditional means of implementation; notes the reports of the informal seminar dialogue on scaling up biodiversity finance held in Quito, Ecuador, from 6 to 9 March 2012, including the proposal on a net avoided emissions mechanism, and the workshop on financing mechanisms for biodiversity: examining opportunities and challenges, held in Montreal, Canada on 12 May 2012; requests the Executive Secretary to further develop the discussion paper on safeguards, based on comments from Parties and other relevant stakeholders, for submission to the fifth meeting of the Ad Hoc Open-ended Working Group on Review of Implementation of the Convention; and requests the Working Group, at its fifth meeting, to prepare a recommendation for consideration by the Conference of the Parties at its twelfth meeting;

operational implemented parties others es WGRI

paragraph 21

21.Invites Parties and other relevant stakeholders to submit views and lessons learned on possible risks and benefits of country-specific innovative financial mechanisms, including on possible principles and safeguards for their use, in time for consideration by the Ad Hoc Open-ended Working Group on Review of Implementation of the Convention at its fifth meeting; requests the Executive Secretary to compile this information, taking into account the discussion paper contained in document UNEP/CBD/COP/11/INF/7 and building on previous submissions and initiatives, including the Quito seminar and the Montreal workshop referred to in paragraph 20; and requests the Working Group, at its fifth meeting, to discuss this for consideration by the Conference of the Parties at its twelfth meeting.

III.ROADMAP

operational implemented

paragraph 22

22.Decides to review, at its twelfth meeting, progress towards the achievement of Aichi Biodiversity Target 20 with the aim of adopting a final target for resource mobilization, building upon the financial resource flow responding to the preliminary target referred to in paragraph 7 (a) and the information set out in paragraphs 7 (c) and (d), and to keep the achievement of these targets under review at subsequent meetings of the Conference of the Parties until 2020;

operational implemented WGRI es

paragraph 23

23.Requests the Ad Hoc Open-ended Working Group on Review of Implementation of the Convention, at its fifth meeting, to further review the preliminary reporting framework and baseline information for each of the targets, including the role of collective action, including by indigenous and local communities, and non-market-based approaches to achieving the objectives of the Convention; and requests the Executive Secretary to prepare for this review, based on information received from Parties on the application of the preliminary reporting framework and on funding needs, gaps and priorities;

operational implemented others

paragraph 24

24.Welcomes the initial findings of the high-level panel on global assessment of resources for implementing the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011–2020, and invites the panel, in collaboration with other relevant initiatives that could provide a more bottom-up approach, to continue its work with a broadened composition and to report back on the results of its work to the twelfth meeting of the Conference of the Parties;

operational active parties organizations

paragraph 25

25.In support of the targets set in paragraph 7, encourages Parties and relevant organizations to improve existing financial information by enhancing accuracy, consistency and delivery of information on biodiversity financing and improving reporting on funding needs and shortfalls; and encourages Parties to integrate national resource mobilization strategies, including existing needs assessments, into the decision-making process on their funding targets in order to address the funding gap as soon as possible, and to develop, as appropriate, country-specific resource mobilization strategies, including assessment of resource needs, as part of their updated national biodiversity strategies and action plans, as a matter of priority;

operational implemented es

paragraph 26

26.Requests the Executive Secretary to elaborate additional guidance for Parties to apply the indicators adopted in decision X/3 for national and subnational application, and to undertake an assessment of the indicator framework, based on Parties’ experiences;

operational active es

paragraph 27

27.Requests the Executive Secretary, subject to voluntary contributions, to organize regional and subregional workshops on the establishment of robust baselines and reporting framework and the preparation of national financial plans for biodiversity.

Body
Conference of the Parties (COP)

Meeting
COP-11
Eleventh meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity
8 - 19 October, 2012
Hyderabad, India

Elements of decision
31 4 informational 23 operational
23 12 implemented 0 superseded 1 elapsed 10 active

Actors
28 11 parties   2 other-governments   7 executive-secretary   4 Others   3 WGRI   1 organizations  

AICHI targets
1

Subjects
3 Financial Mechanism and Resources Mobilization Strategic Plan 2011-2020 Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit-sharing

Document
Related decisions
X/3 A para 7
Strategy for resource mobilization in support of the achievement of the Convention’s three objectives
7.Adopts the following indicators for monitoring the implementation of the strategy for resource mobilization, based on its mission and eight goals:(1)Aggregated financial flows, in the amount and where relevant percentage, of biodiversity-related funding, per annum, for achieving the Convention’s three objectives, in a manner that avoids double counting, both in total and in, inter alia, the following categories: (a) Official Development Assistance (ODA);(b) Domestic budgets at all levels;(c) Private sector;(d) Non-governmental organizations, foundations, and academia;(e) International financial institutions;(f) United Nations organizations, funds and programmes;(g) Non-ODA public funding;(h) South-South cooperation initiatives;(i) Technical cooperation;(2) Number of countries that have:(a)Assessed values of biodiversity, in accordance with the Convention;(b)Identified and reported funding needs, gaps and priorities;(c)Developed national financial plans for biodiversity;(d)Been provided with the necessary funding and capacity building to undertake the above activities;(3) Amount of domestic financial support, per annum, in respect of those domestic activities which are intended to achieve the objectives of this Convention;(4) Amount of funding provided through the Global Environment Facility and allocated to biodiversity focal area;(5)Level of CBD and Parties’ support to other financial institutions that promote replication and scaling-up of relevant successful financial mechanisms and instruments;(6) Number of international financing institutions, United Nations organizations, funds and programmes, and the development agencies that report to the Development Assistance Committee of Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD/DAC), with biodiversity and associated ecosystem services as a cross-cutting policy;(7) Number of Parties that integrate considerations on biological diversity and its associated ecosystem services in development plans, strategies and budgets;(8) Number of South-South cooperation initiatives conducted by developing country Parties and those that may be supported by other Parties and relevant partners, as a complement to necessary North-South cooperation;(9) Amount and number of South-South and North-South technical cooperation and capacity building initiatives that support biodiversity;(10) Number of global initiatives that heighten awareness on the need for resource mobilization for biodiversity;(11)Amount of financial resources from all sources from developed countries to developing countries to contribute to achieving the Convention’s objectives;(12)Amount of financial resources from all sources from developed countries to developing countries towards the implementation of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020;(13)Resources mobilized from the removal, reform or phase-out of incentives, including subsidies, harmful to biodiversity, which could be used for the promotion of positive incentives, including but not limited to innovative financial mechanisms, that are consistent and in harmony with the Convention and other international obligations, taking into account national social and economic conditions;(14)Number of initiatives, and respective amounts, supplementary to the financial mechanism established under Article 21, that engage Parties and relevant organizations in new and innovative financial mechanisms, which consider intrinsic values and all other values of biodiversity, in accordance with the objectives of the Convention and the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of the Benefits Arising out of Their Utilization;(15)Number of access and benefit sharing initiatives and mechanisms, consistent with the Convention and, when in effect, with the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of the Benefits Arising out of Their Utilization, including awareness-raising, that enhance resource mobilization;
X/3 A para 8 9)
Strategy for resource mobilization in support of the achievement of the Convention’s three objectives
(i)Decides to adopt targets at its eleventh meeting, provided that robust baselines have been identified and endorsed and that an effective reporting framework has been adopted. This will allow progress towards the targets set out in this decision and towards target 20 of the Strategic Plan, including an effective reporting framework, to be used in assessing the information provided by Parties as outlined in this decision for the consideration of the Conference of the Parties at its eleventh meeting;
X/9 para 1 1) 4)
The multi-year programme of work for the Conference of the Parties for the period 2011-2020 and periodicity of meetings
(iv)A review of the implementation of the strategy for resource mobilization in support of the achievement of the three objectives of the Convention,  focusing on goals 2, 5, 6, 7 and 8;
XI/15 para 1
Review of the programme of work on island biodiversity
1.Urges Parties, and invites other Governments, financial institutions and other relevant organizations to strengthen the implementation of the programme of work on island biodiversity and to build on successful island approaches by:(a)Promoting and supporting high-level regional commitments, such as the island challenges referred to above and other large-scale efforts, that have demonstrated success in rapidly increasing protected areas and achieving other Aichi Biodiversity Targets relevant to the programme of work on island biodiversity;(b)Adapting and expanding proven, cost-effective mechanisms to strengthen local capacity, particularly peer-learning networks, learning exchanges, transfer of technologies, sharing of lessons learned and best practices, communication and information exchange tools, targeted technical assistance, formal training and education;(c)Considering the development of innovative financial arrangements to mobilize additional resources, in accordance with Articles 20 and 21 of the Convention, through the strategy for resource mobilization, in line with decisions IX/11, X/3 and XI/4, in support of the implementation of the programme of work on island biodiversity, including trust funds, “debt for adaptation to climate change swaps”, payments for ecosystem services, and fees for tourism or natural resource use, dedicated to effective conservation;(d)Maintaining and supporting key databases and information portals, such as the Global Island Database, the Threatened Island Biodiversity Database, the Database of Island Invasive Species Eradications, the Global Invasive Species Database, the Island Biodiversity and Invasive Species Database and Small Islands Developing States Network (SIDSNet), to enable effective invasive species monitoring and eradication prioritization on islands, as valuable tools in support of the implementation of the programme of work;(e)Addressing in particular the gaps in implementation identified in the in-depth review that are listed in paragraph 19 of UNEP/CBD/SBSTTA/16/4;
XI/16 para 3
Ecosystem restoration
3.Recognizing that developing countries, in particular the least developed countries and small island developing States, as well as countries with economies in transition, including countries that are centres of origin or diversity of genetic resources, require financial and technical resources in order to implement ecosystem restoration programmes and achieve the related Aichi Biodiversity Targets, including Targets 14 and 15, and that such resources should be provided by financial mechanisms under Article 20 of the Convention on Biological Diversity and mobilized according to Article 20 and the strategy for resource mobilization in line with decisions IX/11, X/3 and XI/4;
XI/21 para 5
Biodiversity and climate change: integrating biodiversity considerations into climate change related activities
5.Encourages Parties, other Governments and relevant organizations to further mobilize resources, in accordance with Article 20 of the Convention, the strategy for resource mobilization in line with decisions IX/11, X/3 and XI/4, and aware of the Rio Principles, in order to fill biodiversity and ecosystem services data gaps in the context of climate change, and to undertake research studies at spatial scales from local scales to larger landscapes;