ID 4778
Submitting Entity Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development
Submitted for Fifth Ordinary Meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (COP 5)
Main Information
Title Implementation of economic incentive measures to promote the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity in the Biebrza Valley, with special attention to the Biebrza National Park, Poland
Description The study examines measures to protect a peatland swamp in Poland, part of which falls within the Biebrza National Park. The lack of tourism opportunities means that there are no incentives for the local population to conserve biodiversity in the area. Similarly, because of low government financial resources in the region, there is little opportunity for financial 
support to promote environmentally friendly activities. The lack of an appropriate legal and regulatory framework for reclaiming or protecting the peatlands was identified. One of the main difficulties identified in the study is that the river catchment extends beyond the boundaries of the park, so activities undertaken outside the park have strong effects on the river quality and flow. These activities include water extraction for irrigation 
purposes and the destruction of forests around the park, the latter of which have increased in recent years with the removal of a requirement to hold a permit to undertake these activities. The most promising solutions suggested in the study include the use of debt-for-nature eco-funds to support conservation activities and the development of ecotourism activities in the region to generate a self-financing conservation programme.
Web Link /doc/case-studies/inc/cs-inc-pl-01-en.pdf
Additional Information
Source Study prepared for and summarized in the 1999 OECD Handbook on Incentive Measures for Biodiversity: Design and Implementation. Oganization for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris.
Countries Poland
Ecosystems Agricultural Biodiversity
Forest Biodiversity
Inland Waters Biodiversity
Regions Central and Eastern Europe
Incentive Measures Environmental Funds / Investments
Indirect Incentives (property rights, market creation)
Positive Incentives (subsidies, tax breaks, ...)
Keywords Access restrictions
Environmental funds
Market creation (organic production, tourism, ...)