ID 4805
Government New Zealand
Submitted for Fifth Ordinary Meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (COP 5)
Main Information
Title Protection of Natural Heritage on Private Land, New Zealand
Description The Government of New Zealand has taken several steps to encourage and empower private landowners to voluntarily protect and manage indigenous biodiversity on their land. This has entailed six separate activities or initiatives: (a) Providing information to landowners on indigenous biodiversity through expert extension services; (b) Empowering legal protection by allowing landowners to permanently protect indigenous biodiversity through attaching conservation covenants to land titles; (c) Financially supporting protection and management through cofunding of fencing, indigenous tree planting, and wetland creation and rehabilitation; (d) Empowering community groups as landowners to purchase land for conservation purposes; (e) Providing training and information on management techniques for conservation, restoration and best practice; and (f) Removing perverse incentives, such as subsidies for land clearance, and adjustment of tax rates on land used for conservation, which provides less income.

The study concluded that while economic and legal incentives are important, the key to successful conservation on private land is improving the information and attitudes of owners.

Web Link /doc/case-studies/inc/cs-inc-nz-en.pdf
Additional Information
Countries New Zealand
Ecosystems Agricultural Biodiversity
Dry and Sub-Humid Lands Biodiversity
Forest Biodiversity
Inland Waters Biodiversity
Mountain Biodiversity
Regions Western Europe and Others
Incentive Measures Indirect Incentives (property rights, market creation)
Positive Incentives (subsidies, tax breaks, ...)
Reform of Perverse Incentives
Keywords Conservation payments
Land-use covenants and certification
Tax exemptions
Land purchase
Support payment