ID 5364
Submitting Entity IUCN
Submitted for Sixth Ordinary Meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (COP 6)
Main Information
Title Economic Aspects of Community Development in Sustainable Forest Management in Eastern and Southern Africa
Description This study investigates the extent to which communities have been provided with 
economic incentives to become involved in sustainable forest management in Eastern and 
Southern Africa, and how far perverse incentives and disincentives encouraging forest degradation and loss have been overcome. The study has a number of findings.

If communities are to be willing, and economically able, to involve themselves in sustainable forest management they must receive greater economic benefits from conserving forests than from degrading them. Sustainable forest management must tangibly improve local economic welfare, and generate local economic benefits to sufficient levels and in appropriate forms to counterbalance the opportunity costs incurred by sustainable forest management.

There is generally little recognition by either economic or forest sector decision-makers and planners of the high economic value of forest resources for communities, or the potentially high local economic costs of sustainable forest management.

The contribution of the forest sector to national economies is generally underestimated as a result of emphasis only on formal wood-based industries and omission of consideration of the value of non-timber products and functions.

Web Link /doc/case-studies/inc/cs-inc-iucn-03-en.pdf
Additional Information
Authors Hezron Mogaka, Gacheke Simons, Jane Turpie, Lucy Emerton and Francis Karanja
Countries Angola
South Africa
United Republic of Tanzania
Ecosystems Forest Biodiversity
Regions Africa
Incentive Measures Indirect Incentives (property rights, market creation)
Positive Incentives (subsidies, tax breaks, ...)
Reform of Perverse Incentives
Keywords Community participation
Compensation for loss of use
Conservation payments
Land-use covenants and certification
Market creation (organic production, tourism, ...)
Parks and reserves
Revenue sharing with communities
Strengthening property rights (land tenure, ...)
Tradable permits/use rights