ID 5473
Submitting Entity IUCN
Submitted for Fifth Ordinary Meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (COP 5)
Main Information
Title Financial and policy instruments for the conservation of Mount Kenya forest, Kenya
Description Mount Kenya forest is one of the largest, most ecologically significant and commercially valuable indigenous forests in Kenya. Three major tools have been used to introduce positive incentives for conservation and to overcome the perverse incentives that encourage forest degradation and loss. These include: (a) Property rights and policy change;(b) Development of alternative products and markets; (c) Provision of finance and funding.

All these measures have substantially improved community-level economic incentives for forest conservation. However, the case of Mount Kenya forest also illustrates the limitations of community incentives. Many of the economic forces driving forest degradation and loss do not arise at the local level, and are not directly related to the forest sector. Perhaps the single most important perverse incentive encouraging local forest degradation and 
loss is policy in the land and agriculture sectors based on extending and intensifying arable production and which still promulgates subsidies and interventions aimed at achieving these goals.

Web Link /doc/meetings/cop/cop-05/information/cop-05-inf-14-en.pdf
Additional Information
Countries Kenya
Ecosystems Forest Biodiversity
Regions Africa
Incentive Measures Indirect Incentives (property rights, market creation)
Positive Incentives (subsidies, tax breaks, ...)
Reform of Perverse Incentives
Regulations / Access Restrictions
Keywords Access restrictions
Conservation payments
Market creation (organic production, tourism, ...)
Revenue sharing with communities
Strengthening property rights (land tenure, ...)
Subsidy reform
Parks and reserves