ID 5477
Submitting Entity Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development
Submitted for Fifth Ordinary Meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (COP 5)
Main Information
Title Heathland management in the United Kingdom
Description The study describes existing and potential incentive measures for the management of lowland heathlands in Dorset, in the south of England. Under the United Kingdom Biodiversity Action Plan, all existing lowland heathland is to be maintained, and a further 6 000 hectares is to be established by the year 2005. In the past, agricultural subsidies encouraged 
conversion from heathland, but today they are used to encourage the recreation 
of the heathlands. Under the European Union Agri-Environmental Regulation, there are payments to private land managers to conserve heathlands. In addition, three projects on the Dorset heathlands have been supported through environmental funds established through landfill tax credits. The study also suggested the possible use of a quarrying tax and/or a greenfield development levy to counter urban sprawl and raise funds for 
brownfield redevelopment. There are also possible new markets that can be realized through sustainable use of the heathlands, such as the production of organic, extensively reared meat or the generation of renewable energy through the burning of the by-products of heathland management (e.g. gorse). Under the Dorset heathland project of the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB), a non-governmental organization, practical conservation measures are undertaken (largely based on voluntary field staff), and other groups or individuals are trained in the sustainable management of the heathlands.
Web Link /doc/case-studies/inc/cs-inc-oecd-28-en.doc
Additional Information
Source Study prepared for and summarized in the 1999 OECD Handbook on Incentive Measures for Biodiversity: Design and Implementation. Oganization for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris.
Countries United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Ecosystems Agricultural Biodiversity
Inland Waters Biodiversity
Regions Western Europe and Others
Incentive Measures Indirect Incentives (property rights, market creation)
Positive Incentives (subsidies, tax breaks, ...)
Reform of Perverse Incentives
Keywords Agri-environmental payments
Conservation payments
Environmental funds
Landfill taxes
Market creation (organic production, tourism, ...)
Subsidy reform
Support payment
Training programmes