ID 5480
Submitting Entity Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development
Submitted for Fifth Ordinary Meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (COP 5)
Main Information
Title Conservation of the Pae O Te Rangi area in New Zealand
Description The study examines the joint purchase in 1993 of forested lands in the Pae O Te Rangi area by the New Zealand Government’s heritage fund and two local authorities for conversion into a reserve. Previously, the lands had been privately owned by a Maori tribe and large areas had been logged and converted to sheep- and cattle-farming and horticultural uses. These 
activities were encouraged up to 1984 by direct subsidies for land clearance and agricultural market-price support, as well as tax disincentives and support to road infrastructure. However, in recent years the property was no longer economically viable as a farm and there was an intention to subdivide it into small blocks to sell for development purposes. In order to prevent this, and under pressure from local interest groups, the land was purchased 
for conversion into a reserve instead. Stakeholders were involved in the process, and the plans were supported by the Maori tribe that previously owned the lands. In 1990, a Forest Heritage Fund was created to support the voluntary undertaking of sustainable forestry practices on private lands with compensation offered to those no longer allowed to log.
Web Link /doc/case-studies/inc/cs-inc-oecd-26-en.doc
Additional Information
Source Study prepared for and summarized in the 1999 OECD Handbook on Incentive Measures for Biodiversity: Design and Implementation. Oganization for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris.
Countries New Zealand
Ecosystems Forest Biodiversity
Regions Western Europe and Others
Incentive Measures Environmental Funds / Investments
Positive Incentives (subsidies, tax breaks, ...)
Regulations / Access Restrictions
Keywords Access restrictions
Compensation for loss of use
Infrastructure provision
Land purchase
Environmental funds
Parks and reserves
Tax exemptions
Support payment
  • United Nations
  • United Nations Environment Programme