Economics, Trade and Incentive Measures

ID 5484
Submitting Entity Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development
Submitted for Fifth Ordinary Meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (COP 5)
Main Information
Title UNESCO Biosphere Reserves Schorfheide-Chorin and Rhön, Germany
Description The study examines two German biosphere reserves that are designed to conserve genetic diversity while being sustainably used in an economically viable manner. Visitor fees are charged in the Rhön Reserve and a conservation or exploitation levy has also been proposed. One quarter of the 40 000 Deutschmarks generated in visitor fees in 1997 were used for advertising and information-awareness campaigns, including supporting the marketing of lamb meat from regenerating stocks in the Reserve. This has now been a 
success and the scheme is economically viable. In addition, plants in the Reserve are also being tested for medicinal and spice markets. The Schorfheide-Chorin Reserve pays a premium per bee-hive to keep apiculture going there and emphasized the necessity of supporting the marketing of products from the Reserves, perhaps through a national campaign and common logo. The importance of a concrete legal framework for the conservation and sustainable use of plant genetic resources and the need to adapt the 
Commercial Seeds Act were also discussed.
Web Link /doc/case-studies/inc/cs-inc-oecd-21-en.doc
Additional Information
Source Study prepared for and summarized in the 1999 OECD Handbook on Incentive Measures for Biodiversity: Design and Implementation. Oganization for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris.
Countries Germany
Ecosystems Agricultural Biodiversity
Forest Biodiversity
Inland Waters Biodiversity
Mountain Biodiversity
Regions Western Europe and Others
Incentive Measures Indirect Incentives (property rights, market creation)
Negative Incentives (taxes, levies,...)
Positive Incentives (subsidies, tax breaks, ...)
Regulations / Access Restrictions
Keywords Access restrictions
Eco-labelling and certification
Extraction levies/pricing
Market creation (organic production, tourism, ...)
Park visitor fees
Parks and reserves
Support payment