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Side Event #4754


Date Tuesday
2022.12.13 @ 13:15
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Room Jinsha
Capacity: 61 people
Conference WG2020-5 / COP-15 / CP-MOP-10 / NP-MOP-4
Fifteenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (Part Two)
Title Biodiversity Conservation Activities of Türkiye
Türkiye |
Agricultural Biodiversity
Dry and Sub-Humid Lands
Inland Waters Biodiversity
Marine and Coastal Biodiversity
Post 2020 Framework
Implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity
Aichi Biodiversity Targets
Climate Change and Biodiversity
Ex-Situ Conservation
Protected Areas
Endangered Species
In-Situ Conservation
Invasive Alien Species
Traditional Knowledge, Innovations and Practices
Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit-sharing
Aichi Biodiversity Targets


The side event will be in the form of a panel in which some of Türkiye's Biodiversity Conservation projects will be presented.

The panel is going to start with a best practice on Climate Change named "Findings on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services Within the Scope of Enhancing Adaptation Action in Turkey Project: Mugla-Mediterranean Example". The main subject of this part of presentation will related with results of vulnerability and risk analysis on biodiversity and ecosystem services in Muğla city within the scope of adaptation to climate change. Briefly, this presentation will include the issue considering the Cross Chapter Paper 4 Mediterranean Region document, which was published for the first time in the Mediterranean Region scale within the scope of Sixth Assessment Report, Climate Change 2022: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability, the Working Group II, it is revealed that the subject is worth examining especially for our country. The side event envisaged to be held in this context is considered important in Climate Change Adaptation studies. Within the scope of this side event, the following items which are the developments recorded in the scale of Mugla city will be conveyed.

  • Presence of coastal and marine ecosystems
  • The ecosystem services provided by existing ecosystems and their vulnerability to climate change
  • Vulnerability and risk analysis result of the ecosystem sector.
  • Proposed actions to protect ecosystem services and biodiversity.

Second part of the panel is "Establishment of Türkiye Marine Strategy Document –Studies on Biodiversity Descriptor" which will give information on Practices in Turkiye, regarding the biodiversity descriptor within the scope of the Ecosystem Based approach. The Project aimed to get practical outputs of 11 descriptors defined in the Marine Strategy Framework Directive in accordance with sustainable management of Turkey's waters. Within the project by analysing pressure-situation-impact analysis of 11 descriptors (biodiversity, non-native species, etc.), the targets set, the monitoring and measures program prepared. In addition, Marine Environment State Reports, Action Plan, National Marine Environment Strategy Document have been prepared. Turkish Legislation was reviewed and the requirement to update in some has been identified by Measures Programme and relative action taken. To develop Measures Programme, it was benefited from current Turkish Legislation and the existing pollution monitoring programmes. In this context,  in order to reach targets set (good environmental status) to evaluate the effectiveness of the measures program (need to new measures/not, the adequacy etc.)  the data provided by monitoring programmes are reviewed. Monitoring of biodiversity and non-invasive species are a few of them. Thus, the effectiveness of the measures program on species and ecosystem, has been presented by pollution monitoring programme.  In this respect, it is planned to share the above-mentioned process and the relative studies at the meeting.

Third presentation is "The only marine project in the world of the GEF VI era: Addressing Invasive Alien Species Threats at Key Marine Biodiversity Areas in Türkiye" which includes the Presentation of outcomes and achievements on the ongoing Project . While the number of alien species in the entire Mediterranean exceeded 1000, the number of alien species detected in Turkish seas was 263 in 2005 and 400 in 2011, while the number of alien species reached 539 in 2020. Of these alien species, 105 are invasive alien species. Rapid identification, control, prevention, and elimination of invasive alien species in marine ecosystems is extremely important in terms of both biodiversity and ecosystem services, as well as human health and socioeconomics. In order to enhance the resilience of marine and coastal ecosystems through strengthened capacities and investment capacities and investment in prevention, detection, control and management of invasive alien species, the General Directorate of Nature Conservation and National Parks (GDNCNP) has launched a project titled ‘Addressing Invasive Alien Species Threats at Key Marine Biodiversity Areas in Türkiye’. The project is implemented by GDNCNP in cooperation with the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) with the financial support of the Global Environment Facility (GEF). The project has a 16.544.654 USD budget in total and started in 19 October 2018 and is expected to be finished in year 19 October 2023. During the side event, It is aimed to provide a general information about main activities and goals of the project in addition to achievements and outcomes reached so far. 

The panel will continue with the activity named "Addressing of Invasive Alien Species Threats in Terrestrial Areas and Inland Waters in Türkiye" . Briefly, the presentation will be related with the issue that  as the pace of globalization has accelerated and transportation has become easier in recent years, the movements and mobility of human beings, plants and animals gained momentum. Thus, accidental or deliberate transportation of alien species have also become easier and increasingly widespread. Today, invasive alien species are one of the largest threats to global biodiversity in addition to economic, social and environmental problems they create in both aquatic and terrestrial environments. The Convention on Biological Biodiversity defines invasive species as alien species which threaten ecosystems, habitats or other species by causing economic or environmental damages via its establishment and invasion. Turkey is home to 14 of the worst alien species, which are listed in the 100 of the World’s Worst Invasive Alien Species, published by the International Union for Conservation of Nature. To ensure resilience of these ecosystems, the Project was aimed to get Invasive Alien Species (IAS) under control in terrestrial areas and inland waters in Turkey, in line with the EU Regulation 1143/2014. During the side event, It is aimed to provide general information about main project activities in addition to achievements and outcomes have reached. 

The next part of the side event is "Conservation and Sustainable Management of Turkey’s Steppe Project". The project "Conservation and Sustainable Management of Turkey's Steppe Ecosystems" is aimed to protect steppe biodiversity and preserve Turkey's steppe ecosystems along with traditional uses (agriculture, pasture, etc.) ”.Project pilot areas are Kızılkuyu Wildlife Development Area, Tek Tek Mountains National Park and Karacadağ steppes in Şanlıurfa province. Inventory studies and assessments on biodiversity, socio-economic and socio-cultural values, grazing activities and a comprehensive analysis of animal husbandry situations were carried out within the scope of the "Protection and Sustainable Management of Turkey's Steppe Ecosystems Project" conducted with the GEF fund in partnership with FAO. In addition, within the scope of the project, species action plans were made for important species found in steppe ecosystems. Pistacia (Pistacia palaestine) species action plan, Cream-colored courser (Cursorius cursor) species action plan and the multi-species action plan were made within the scope of the project and started to be implemented.

As a good practice of this project the sub-project named "A bridge between in-situ and ex-situ in the conservation: Multi-Species Action Plan for Crop Wild Relatives and the role of seed genebanks.​" It is a good practice explaining the contribution and role of gene banks in the preparation, implementation and monitoring of a multi-species action plan for crop wild relatives (CWR) in the Karacadağ Steppes, which is one of the world's first domestication centers. The planning, implementation and monitoring of integrative conservation approaches for the crop wild relatives (CWR) is critical both for gene banks as genetic resources and breeding studies, as well as for sustainability of natural flora and biodiversity. The management of in situ and ex situ conservation with different institutional structures in Türkiye, as in many countries, causes gaps in implementation. Especially urgent governance plans are needed for CWR outside protected areas. As an example of good practice to fill the gaps in this issue, the basic strategies of the multi-species action plan of CWR and the roles that the gene bank is expected to take from preparation to monitoring will be presented at this side event. Aforementioned “Multi-Species Action Plan for Crop Wild Relatives” has been prepared within the scope of the “Conservation and Sustainable Management of Türkiye Steppe Ecosystems” project (GCP/TUR/061/GFF). The project has been carried out in cooperation with the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, the General Directorate of Nature Conservation and the National Parks (GDNCNP), the General Directorate of Plant Production (GDPP) and the General Directorate of Forestry (GDF) and with the financial support of the Global Environment Facility (GEF). This study is valuable and exemplary in terms of establishing a link between in situ and ex situ conservation methods, preparing sustainable integrative governance plans, and determining the roles and responsibilities of gene banks in habitat and ecosystem monitoring studies. 

The panel will continue with "Endangered Species Project in Türkiye" which is related with Conservation Studies Conducted for Endangered Species in Türkiye will be presented. The Project with the title “Preparation, Implementation and Monitoring of Species Action Plans in Türkiye Within the Concept of a New Methodology” aims to promote conservation of endangered species, through enhancing institutional capacity of the responsible organizations and the cooperation between them. In order to establish Turkey’s Species Conservation Strategy by promoting the existing efforts on species conservation,  and to set up an objective  methodology for prioritizing endangered species for preparing species action plans, this Project has been implemented. The capacity of responsible Ministries was strengthened to conserve Turkey’s wild species by implementing conservation actions in species action plans and awareness raising studies among public were conducted to increase understanding of natural resources, ecosystem services and associated threats and risks to species conservation.

Finally, the last part of the side event will be the project named "The Project of Recording Traditional Knowledge Associated with Biological Diversity" which is related with traditional knowledge associated with biological diversity and genetic resources. It is the "first" project in Türkiye, which was initiated in 2017 to contribute to the protection of our rights on our genetic resources and traditional knowledge accociated with genetic resources.

Aims of the project are;

  • Identifying, storing, conserving and transferring traditional knowledge to next generations
  • Contribution to the economic development of the country.

Main categories of the collected traditional knowledge are :

  • Health (folk medicine or healing purpose applications),
  • Nutrition (food, spice, beverage, yeast, etc.)
  • Industrial (paint, textile, building material, fuel, handicrafts, etc)
  • Agriculture-Livestock
    • Special applications
    • Traditional methods which contributes to conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity
  • Others (Amulet, poem etc.)



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