Background and Status
The COP 2 decided to assess the status and trends of the biodiversity of inland water ecosystems and identify options for conservation and sustainable use at its fourth meeting (decision II/18
In decision III/10
, on identification, monitoring and assessment, the COP 3 instructed the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advices (SBSTTA) to provide scientific advice and further guidance, through its thematic work on ecosystems, to assist the national implementation of Annex I of the Convention, using the elaboration of terms set out in paragraphs 12-29 of document UNEP/CBD/COP/3/12
. Accordingly, the SBSTTA considered this issue within the context of inland water biological diversity at its third meeting, and produced the recommendation III/1
The COP 3 also decided to invite the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands to co-operate as a lead partner in the implementation of activities under the Convention related to wetlands. It requested the Executive Secretary to seek inputs from the Ramsar Convention in preparation of documentation concerning the status and trends of inland water ecosystems for consideration by the COP 4 (decision III/21
, paragraph 7(a)(ii)). The Secretariat has signed a Memorandum of Cooperation with the Ramsar Convention Bureau, which has been endorsed by the COP (decision III/21
, paragraph 2). At the COP 4, the Ramsar Bureau put forward a proposal for a joint work plan on wetlands for the period 1998-1999 (UNEP/CBD/COP/4/Inf.8
), which was endorsed by the COP (decision IV/15
, paragraph 2). The COP 5 endorsed a joint work plan with the Ramsar Convention for the period 2000-20001 (UNEP/CBD/SBSTTA/5/Inf/12)
. (decision V/2
, paragraph 2).
On the basis of the SBSTTA recommendation III/1
, with modifications, the COP 4 adopted a work programme on biological diversity of inland water ecosystems (decision IV/4
, paragraph 1). In addition to the programme of work, decision IV/4
also contains certain other guidance regarding inland water biological diversity addressed to Parties and governments, the financial mechanism, the SBSTTA and the Secretariat.
In decision VI/2
the COP recognized the importance of the River Basin Initiative
for implementation of the programme of work on biodiversity of inland waters and application of the ecosystem approach, and requested the Executive Secretary to strengthen collaboration with the Convention on Wetlands on the implementation of the River Basin Initiative. In the same decision the COP further requested the Executive Secretary and Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands to facilitate the implementation of the third Joint Work Plan with the Convention on Wetlands (2002-2006) (UNEP/CBD/COP/6/Inf.14
) as endorsed by the COP in its decision VI/20
, on cooperation with the Convention on Wetlands.
In decision VI/2
the COP emphasized the importance of review and elaboration of the programme of work on biological diversity of inland water ecosystems, as outlined in the progress report of the Executive Secretary on thematic programmes of work (UNEP/CBD/COP/6/11
, paras 22-24) and of the implementation of activity 11 of the programme of work on the Global Taxonomy Initiative. As part of this process a review was undertaken of the status and trends of the biological diversity of inland water ecosystems (CBD Technical Series No. 11
At its seventh meeting in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, the COP adopted a revised and elaborated programme of work on the biological diversity of inland water ecosystems (decision VII/4
– the annex to which contains the detailed work programme).