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Cuba - Overview

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The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on maps, graphics and publications do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.

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Please note that this country profile has been prepared by the Secretariat on the basis of information provided in the NBSAP and national reports, but has not been reviewed by the Party concerned.

Main References

National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (v.2)

Fifth National Report



National Website

Biodiversity Facts

Status and trends of biodiversity, including benefits from biodiversity and ecosystem services

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Cuba has a large variety of ecosystems (42 types) and landscapes (23 types), ranging from arid and semi-arid land to humid tropical forests and mountains... More »

Main pressures on and drivers of change to biodiversity (direct and indirect)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Cuban biodiversity is significantly threatened by anthropogenic and natural stressors. Anthropogenic stressors are mostly defined by a high level of tourism-related activities, mining, overfishing, deforestation, poaching, introduction of invasive alien species and pollution (sedimentation from deforestation and waste and chemicals from agriculture)... More »

Measures to Enhance Implementation of the Convention

Implementation of the NBSAP

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Since 2005, inventorying of the country’s biological diversity has been carried out and information gathered for developing management plans, monitoring their effectiveness and assessing damages caused by hurricanes... More »

Actions taken to achieve the 2020 Aichi Biodiversity Targets

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

The theme of biological diversity has been gradually integrated through national programmes and public awareness-raising activities (e.g. Forestry National Program (2000-2015), Turquino Plan (integrated mountain development), National Program for the Conservation and Improvement of Soils, National Action Plans for Phytogenetic Resources, National Biosafety Framework, National Action Plan to Combat Desertification)... More »

Support mechanisms for national implementation (legislation, funding, capacity-building, coordination, mainstreaming, etc.)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

National environmental policy, centralization of the main means of production and development as well as the political climate have restricted foreign investment/intervention... More »

Mechanisms for monitoring and reviewing implementation

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Identification, monitoring and indicators are highly developed in relation to flora and fauna in the terrestrial environment, but are lacking in the marine environment and constitute a priority for the future... More »

National Contacts

Full details of national contacts »

Convention on Biological Diversity

Sr. Enrique Moret Hernández
CBD Primary NFP, ICNP ABS NFP
Lic. Jorge Luis Fernández Chamero
Resource Mobilization FP
Dra. Gisela Alonso Dominguez
CHM NFP, SBSTTA NFP, GTI NFP, GSPC NFP
Dra Maritza García García
Protected Areas NFP

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Sr. Enrique Moret Hernández
Cartagena Protocol Primary NFP
Lic. Juan Carlos Menéndez de San Pedro López
BCH NFP

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  • United Nations
  • United Nations Environment Programme