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Mali - Overview

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The designations employed and the presentation of material on this map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity or the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

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Please note that this country profile has been prepared by the Secretariat on the basis of information provided in the NBSAP and national reports, but has not been reviewed by the Party concerned.

Main References

National Website


Biodiversity Facts

Status and trends of biodiversity, including benefits from biodiversity and ecosystem services

Mali is a landlocked country located in West Africa. The primary sector contributes 45% to the country’s GDP; the agricultural sector, whose products are mainly cotton, cereals and rice, represents by far the largest portion (35.6%) of this total, followed by livestock and fisheries. The rich pastoral lands of the interior delta of the Niger River provide excellent areas for livestock breeding... More »

Main pressures on and drivers of change to biodiversity (direct and indirect)

Five direct threats to biodiversity have been identified (climate change, agriculture, urban sprawl and loss of natural habitat, bush fires, the uncontrolled exploitation of wood as an energy source). Indirect threats identified include changes in human demographics, economic activity and technology, as well as sociopolitical... More »

Measures to Enhance Implementation of the Convention

Implementation of the NBSAP

Mali’s Stratégie Nationale et Plan d’Actions pour la Diversité Biologique (SNPA/DB) was revised in 2014, taking into account the global framework and emphasizing biodiversity conservation as a development concept. It contains five strategic directions: i) integrate biodiversity conservation in government and civil society actions to manage the underlying causes of biodiversity loss; ii) reduce direct pressures on biodiversity and encourage sustainable use; iii) improve biodiversity status by safeguarding ecosystems, species and genetic diversity; iv) reinforce the advantages for all derived from biodiversity and the services provided by ecosystems; and v) reinforce implementation by means of participatory planning, knowledge management and capacity reinforcement... More »

Actions taken to achieve the 2020 Aichi Biodiversity Targets

Through the implementation of several projects and the election of local officials, the integration of technologies for agriculture and agroforestry in community development plans has been facilitated.

An ecological and economic assessment of resources in the Sourou Valley (Ramsar site) carried out by IUCN has contributed to a good understanding of the value of resources... More »

Support mechanisms for national implementation (legislation, funding, capacity-building, coordination, mainstreaming, etc.)

Mali adopted the Agricultural Guidelines Law in 2006.

A national biosafety framework, a law on biotechnology and a National Biosafety Committee have been established.

One the five strategic directions of new NBSAP is to reinforce implementation by means of participatory planning, knowledge management and capacity reinforcement... More »

Mechanisms for monitoring and reviewing implementation

A national committee for coordinating and monitoring CBD implementation has been established. In addition, Mali’s new Action Plan contains indicators for monitoring the achievement of each action.

National Contacts

Full details of national contacts »

Convention on Biological Diversity

M. El hadj Sy
CBD Primary NFP
Mr. Mouhamadou Traore
CHM NFP
M. Amadou Sow
Protected Areas NFP

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Mr. Mouhamadou Traore
Cartagena Protocol Primary NFP, BCH NFP

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  • United Nations Environment Programme