Implementation of the NBSAP
Mali’s Stratégie Nationale et Plan d’Actions pour la Diversité Biologique (SNPA/DB) was revised in 2014, taking into account the global framework and emphasizing biodiversity conservation as a development concept. It contains five strategic directions: i) integrate biodiversity conservation in government and civil society actions to manage the underlying causes of biodiversity loss; ii) reduce direct pressures on biodiversity and encourage sustainable use; iii) improve biodiversity status by safeguarding ecosystems, species and genetic diversity; iv) reinforce the advantages for all derived from biodiversity and the services provided by ecosystems; and v) reinforce implementation by means of participatory planning, knowledge management and capacity reinforcement.
Nineteen national targets have been developed (see: https://www.cbd.int/countries/targets/?country=ml), along with 94 priority actions to be implemented from 2015 to 2020. The Action Plan identifies responsible institutions and partners, and costs and timeframes associated with implementing actions. Indicators for monitoring the achievement of each action have also been established. The estimated total cost of NBSAP implementation over the next 5 years has been placed at FCFA 44 290 000 000.
Unlike the first NBSAP, adopted in 2001, the new NBSAP addresses for the first time, or emphasizes, matters such as: gender, poverty reduction, rights of local and indigenous communities, invasive plants, commerce, tourism, transboundary issues, climate change. A mechanism for improving the mobilization of financial resources has been proposed. An analysis has also been conducted regarding the country’s capacity-building needs. Mali also acknowledges the need to establish mechanisms to ensure mainstreaming in development planning processes and to monitor and evaluate implementation.
Actions taken to achieve the 2020 Aichi Biodiversity Targets
Through the implementation of several projects and the election of local officials, the integration of technologies for agriculture and agroforestry in community development plans has been facilitated.
An ecological and economic assessment of resources in the Sourou Valley (Ramsar site) carried out by IUCN has contributed to a good understanding of the value of resources.
The creation of the National Agency for the Management of Purification Stations has been successful in establishing regulations for factories and large agricultural zones (e.g. the Office du Niger area which is a major producer of rice).
A conservation project financed by the World Bank and national funds is protecting an elephant population in Gourma estimated to comprise 350 individuals.
The results of projects and programmes on the decentralization of the management of forests (GEDEFOR) and of the interior delta are being directed towards building greater autonomy for women, through their participation in management activities and use of environmental goods and services. Since 2010, Mali has achieved an annual reforestation rate of nearly 70,000 hectares throughout the country.
Mali is a signatory to the Nagoya Protocol.
Support mechanisms for national implementation (legislation, funding, capacity-building, coordination, mainstreaming, etc.)
Mali adopted the Agricultural Guidelines Law in 2006.
A national biosafety framework, a law on biotechnology and a National Biosafety Committee have been established.
One the five strategic directions of new NBSAP is to reinforce implementation by means of participatory planning, knowledge management and capacity reinforcement.
Biodiversity has been integrated in actions for achievement of the Millennium Development Goals, Strategic Framework for Growth and Poverty Reduction, National Climate Change Policy (pending adoption), as well as in sectoral development policies and strategies (fishing, farming, forestry, protected areas).
Mechanisms for monitoring and reviewing implementation
A national committee for coordinating and monitoring CBD implementation has been established. In addition, Mali’s new Action Plan contains indicators for monitoring the achievement of each action.