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Netherlands - Overview

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The designations employed and the presentation of material on this map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity or the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.


Biodiversity Facts

Status and trends of biodiversity, including benefits from biodiversity and ecosystem services

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

The Netherlands is among the most densely populated countries in the world. Agriculture occupies the majority of the total terrestrial area in the Netherlands, followed by forests and dwellings, respectively... More »

Main pressures on and drivers of change to biodiversity (direct and indirect)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Factors considered to have contributed to the long-term decline (i.e. over the 20th century) of populations of animal species include large-scale hydraulic works, organic pollution and salinization, disappearance of eelgrass beds in the Wadden Sea, straightening of water courses, reclamation of heartlands and grasslands (as well as their subsequent acidification, eutrophication and desiccation), and the disappearance of flowery areas... More »

Measures to Enhance Implementation of the Convention

Implementation of the NBSAP

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Dutch actions for implementing the Convention are integrated into several national policy papers and programmes. The Netherlands developed the Strategic Action Plan for Biodiversity in 1995... More »

Actions taken to achieve the 2020 Aichi Biodiversity Targets

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

The policy for the National Ecological Network (NEN) aims to develop, by 2018, a sound national network of natural areas, including expanded ecological corridors... More »

Support mechanisms for national implementation (legislation, funding, capacity-building, coordination, mainstreaming, etc.)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Under the fourth replenishment of the Global Environment Facility (GEF-4), the Netherlands contributed € 22.25 million per year, of which one-third was spent on biodiversity activities... More »

Mechanisms for monitoring and reviewing implementation

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Monitoring systems are established in the country for evaluating and reporting on biodiversity. A system for monitoring the effectiveness of site management was to be operationalized in 2013... More »

National Contacts

Full details of national contacts »

Convention on Biological Diversity

Ms. Miranda Meijster
CBD Primary NFP, SBSTTA NFP
Mr. Wieger Dijkstra
Resource Mobilization FP
Dr. Peter C. van Welzen
GTI NFP
Mr. Rob J.J. Hendriks
CHM NFP
Mr. Roeland Huilmand
Protected Areas NFP

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Dr. Marco Gielkens
BCH NFP
Ms. Annemiek van Waterschoot
Cartagena Protocol Primary NFP

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  • United Nations Environment Programme