Status and Trends of Biodiversity
Over 50% of Singapore’s land area is urbanized. More than 880ha of coral reefs have been mapped within Singapore’s national boundary. Singapore hosts more than 400 bird species (about 167 breeding residents) of which about 73 are presumed extirpated since 1819, and 79 are considered locally threatened. However, historical figures are based on some guesswork... More »
Number and Extent of Protected Areas
Singapore has established 2 National Parks and 4 Nature Reserves, which are legally protected under the Trees and Parks Act (2005). Here, some of Singapore’s key indigenous ecosystems are found, including lowland Dipterocarp forest, mangroves and freshwater swamp forest, seagrass beds, mudflats, and coral reefs.
Percentage of Forest Cover
The total protected forest cover is 2,000ha (about 3% of land area).