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Syrian Arab Republic - Overview

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The designations employed and the presentation of material on this map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity or the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.


Biodiversity Facts

Status and trends of biodiversity, including benefits from biodiversity and ecosystem services

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Syria is situated in the southwestern part of Asia, to the east of the Mediterranean, and dominated by a mediterranean climate in its coastal and mountain regions and by dry or sub-humid conditions inland... More »

Main pressures on and drivers of change to biodiversity (direct and indirect)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Threats to biodiversity include agricultural and urban expansion, forest fires, wood cutting and charcoal production, climate change, desertification, forest fragmentation, soil erosion and degradation, depletion of water resources, uncontrolled grazing, illegal fishing and hunting, irregular plant collection, loss of genetic diversity through GMOs, illegal internal and international trade in biospecies and their products, alien species, chemical pollution, and habitat destruction... More »

Measures to Enhance Implementation of the Convention

Implementation of the NBSAP

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

The National Strategy and Action Plan (2002) includes considerations which aim to decrease all environmental threats in development projects for the conservation and sustainable use of biological resources... More »

Actions taken to achieve the 2020 Aichi Biodiversity Targets

Support mechanisms for national implementation (legislation, funding, capacity-building, coordination, mainstreaming, etc.)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Biodiversity considerations have been incorporated in numerous national policies, legislations, national strategies, criteria and standards on environment impact assessment, partially in the Agricultural Development Strategy, and in the new Forestry Law (2007)... More »

Mechanisms for monitoring and reviewing implementation

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

A national biodiversity monitoring and evaluation system does not exist however its development has been assigned priority, with the participation of all concerned parties (ministries, research centers, universities, public organizations, syndicates, regional and international organizations, private sector, NGOs) being promoted in this process... More »

National Contacts

Full details of national contacts »

Convention on Biological Diversity

Eng. Belal Alhayek
CBD Primary NFP, CHM NFP, SBSTTA NFP
Eng. Mayada Saad
Protected Areas NFP
Eng. Badieaa Safiah
GTI NFP

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Eng. Belal Alhayek
Cartagena Protocol Primary NFP, BCH NFP

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  • United Nations Environment Programme