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Samoa - Overview

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The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on maps, graphics and publications do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.

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Please note that this country profile has been prepared by the Secretariat on the basis of information provided in the NBSAP and national reports, but has not been reviewed by the Party concerned.

Main References

National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan

Fourth National Report



National Website

Biodiversity Facts

Status and trends of biodiversity, including benefits from biodiversity and ecosystem services

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Samoa's vegetation is divided into five plant communities (littoral vegetation, wetland vegetation, rainforest, volcanic scrub, disturbed vegetation)... More »

Main pressures on and drivers of change to biodiversity (direct and indirect)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

The main threats to biodiversity identified in the NBSAP include: forest clearance, population growth, over-exploitation of natural resources, non-sustainable development, natural disasters and the spread of introduced animal and plant pests... More »

Measures to Enhance Implementation of the Convention

Implementation of the NBSAP

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Samoa’s NBSAP was formally approved by Cabinet in April 2001, concluding a planning process begun in March 1998, upon approval of UNDP funding. The NBSAP was officially launched on the International Day for Biodiversity in May 2001 and defines objectives, goals and actions organized under 8 themes: mainstreaming biodiversity; ecosystem management; species management; community empowerment, awareness, involvement, ownership and benefits; access and benefit-sharing from the use of genetic resources; biosecurity; agrobiodiversity; financial resources and mechanisms... More »

Actions taken to achieve the 2020 Aichi Biodiversity Targets

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Since the establishment of the NBSAP, notable progress has been achieved in regard to protected areas, whose collective area has more than doubled over the last 10 years... More »

Support mechanisms for national implementation (legislation, funding, capacity-building, coordination, mainstreaming, etc.)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Since the adoption of the NBSAP, 4 pieces of biodiversity legislation have been enacted and 9 biodiversity-related policies and national strategies have been approved (e.g... More »

Mechanisms for monitoring and reviewing implementation

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Samoa has developed several tools to generate and compile information on biodiversity data and trends (e.g. GIS-based data management system that generates mapping data and information on the extent of forests and protected areas coverage, within the framework of the MNRE-Forestry SAMFRIS Project)... More »

National Contacts

Full details of national contacts »

Convention on Biological Diversity

The Chief Executive Officer
Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade
CBD Primary NFP, SBSTTA NFP
Mr. Taule'ale'ausumal Laavasa Malua
ICNP ABS NFP
Mr. Faleafaga Toni Tipama'a
Protected Areas NFP

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Mr. Aiono Mose Pouvi Sua
Cartagena Protocol Primary NFP, BCH NFP

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  • United Nations Environment Programme