Global Biodiversity Outlook 5

Humanity at a crossroads

Global Biodiversity Outlook (GBO) is the flagship publication of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). It is a periodic report that summarizes the latest data on the status and trends of biodiversity and draws conclusions relevant to the further implementation of the Convention.

GBO-5 provides  global summary of progress towards the Aichi Biodiversity Targets and is based on a range of indicators, research studies and assessments (in particular the IPBES Global Assessment on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services), as well as the national reports provided by countries on their implementation of the CBD. The national reports provide rich information about the steps taken in countries worldwide in support of biodiversity conservation, sustainable use, and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits. This body of Information provides a wealth of information on the successes and challenges in implementing the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 and in reaching the Aichi Biodiversity Targets.

This Outlook draws on the lessons learned during the first two decades of this century to clarify the transitions needed if we are to realize the vision agreed by world governments for 2050, ‘Living in Harmony with Nature’. 


Key transitions to sustainable pathways

Each of the conditions necessary to achieve the 2050 Vision for Biodiversity requires a significant shift away from ‘business as usual’ across a broad range of human activities. The shape and nature of such transformative change can already be identified through a series of transitions under way to a limited extent in key areas. This Outlook examines the promise, progress and prospects for interdependent transitions on the following issues, that collectively can move our societies into a more sustainable co-existence with nature: 

  • Land and Forests
  • Freshwater
  • Fisheries and Oceans
  • Sustainable Agriculture
  • Food Systems
  • Cities and Infrastructure
  • Climate Action
  • One Health


Download the report  


Full Report 

Summary for Policymakers

Arabic PDF PDF
Chinese PDF PDF
Czech -- PDF
English PDF PDF
French PDF PDF
Japanese PDF WWW
Korean -- PDF
Russian PDF PDF
Spanish PDF PDF


    In addition to the main GBO-5 report several related reports have also been prepared. These complementary reports also contribute to the main GBO-5 report:

    The preparation of the Global Biodiversity Outlook and its underlying reports was enabled through financial and in-kind contributions from:






    The European Union







    The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland