Please note that this country profile has been prepared by the Secretariat on the basis of information provided in the NBSAP and national reports, but has not been reviewed by the Party concerned.

Main References

National Website

NOTE: Visitors to the CBD website are advised to consult section VII of the sixth national report for updated information on the themes contained in the country profile below.

Biodiversity Facts

Status and trends of biodiversity, including benefits from biodiversity and ecosystem services

The Republic of Moldova is located near the Carpathian Mountains, the Black Sea, and the East European Plain in the southeastern part of Europe. Occupying a landlocked area of 33,843 km2, the country is surrounded by Ukraine on its northern, eastern and southern boundaries and by Romania in the west. The relief of the country comprises a hilly plain, gradually sloping from the northwest to the southeast, with altitudes varying between 5 to 429 metres, and an average elevation of around 147 metres above sea level... More »

Main pressures on and drivers of change to biodiversity (direct and indirect)

The main factors affecting biological diversity in the Republic of Moldova are the following: infringements of environmental legal provisions by legal entities and individuals; lack or ineffective implementation of measures preventing the degradation of biodiversity; insufficient economic incentive measures for achieving CBD goals; inadequate use of scientific results and traditional measures in biodiversity conservation processes; unsatisfactory integration of biodiversity conservation requirements in economic and sectoral policies; a high degree of agricultural use of the national territory resulting in a disturbance to the ecological balance of landscapes; pollution of natural habitats; intense exploitation of plant and animal resources; significant reduction in budgetary allocations for the reproduction and regeneration of flora and fauna; unsatisfactory level of environmental knowledge held by the public... More »

Measures to Enhance Implementation of the Convention

Implementation of the NBSAP

Adopted in 2000, the overall goal of the Biodiversity Conservation Strategy is the conservation, restoration, and sustainable use of biodiversity and landscapes in order to ensure socioeconomic sustainable development in the Republic of Moldova. The Strategy implies the realization of 263 actions for achieving particular goals and strategic objectives, and outlines the terms for implementing them... More »

Actions taken to achieve the 2020 Aichi Biodiversity Targets

The Republic of Moldova is committed to expanding natural protected areas to 8.0% of its territory by 2020. A list of the plant and animal species of international and national importance has been elaborated. In this regard, the NBSAP provides measures for the protection of endangered species. In fact, the NBSAP comprises several elements related to implementation of the 2010 Biodiversity Target... More »

Support mechanisms for national implementation (legislation, funding, capacity-building, coordination, mainstreaming, etc.)

The main pieces of legislation related to the goals of the NBSAP include the: National Environmental Strategy for 2014-2023 (approved in 2014); Strategy for Agriculture and Rural Development in Moldova 2014-2020 (adopted in 2014); National Programme on the Establishment of the National Ecological Network for 2011-2018 (approved in 2011); National Development Strategy (2008-2011); Strategy for Economic Growth and Poverty Alleviation; Moldovan Village (2005-2015) National Program; National Strategy for Sustainable Development in the Agro-industrial Complex (2008-2015); Strategy for the Sustainable Development of the Forestry Sector (adopted in 2001); EU-Moldova Action Plan (adopted in 2005); and the Strategy for Industrial Development until 2015... More »

Mechanisms for monitoring and reviewing implementation

The main barrier to the implementation of research and monitoring programs is the limited amount of available financial resources and shortages of specialists. Research institutions have developed monitoring programs however, due to poor funding, their implementation is carried out within state protected natural areas only... More »

National Contacts

Full details of national contacts »

Convention on Biological Diversity

Ms. Veronica Josu
Dr. (Ms.) Laurentia Ungureanu

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Ms. Veronica Josu
Cartagena Protocol Primary NFP, Cartagena Protocol emergency contact point, BCH NFP