Implementation of the Convention
Measures Taken to Achieve the 2010 Target
The Republic of Moldova is committed to extend the natural protected areas to 2,36% of the territory by 2015. A list of the plant and animal species of international and national importance has been elaborated. In this regard, the NBSAP provides measures for the protection of endangered species. In fact, the country states that its NBSAP comprises several elements in relation with the 2010 target. Conservation of genetic diversity of spontaneous species and wild animals is ensured through scientific reserves, as well as zoological and botanical gardens. Legislation exists to regulate such human activities as hunting and fishing. Also, national programmes have been elaborated to combat alien species, notably in the agricultural sector. In addition, traditional knowledge and practices are protected through traditional agriculture. For example, the Programme of viticulture for the years 2002-2020 is currently being implemented.
Initiatives in Protected Areas
Regarding this issue, the Government has approved programs and plans aiming at the rehabilitation and conservation of specific sites. For example, the plans include the elaboration of measures for forest rehabilitation. Research is underway to prepare recommendations on the development of the National Ecological Network. Furthermore, areas that have specific scientific values shall be included. Some actions have been undertaken to include inland waters as protected areas.
Initiatives for Article 8(j)
The Republic of Moldova has signed the Aarhus Convention on access to information, justice and public participation in the decision-making process with regards to the environment. The country states that women are the most interested group of citizen and that they are directly involved in the process. In addition, the NBSAP mentions provisions related to the active participation of indigenous and local communities. For example, seminars have taken place concerning the establishment of the National Park “Nistrul de Jos” and the ecological network in Middle Prut River. Also, the importance of media such as radio, television and various publications for the effective dissemination of environmental information is underlined in the Third National Report.