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Peru - Overview

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The designations employed and the presentation of material on this map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity or the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

Remark:
Please note that this country profile has been prepared by the Secretariat on the basis of information provided in the NBSAP and national reports, but has not been reviewed by the Party concerned.

Main References

National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (v.2)

Other Information about National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plans



National Website


Biodiversity Facts

Status and trends of biodiversity, including benefits from biodiversity and ecosystem services

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

The latest trend reveals that biodiversity in Peru is increasing, with the numbers of species of wild flora and fauna having risen and currently totaling 20,585 and 5,585, respectively... More »

Main pressures on and drivers of change to biodiversity (direct and indirect)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

The main threats to Peru’s mountain and forest ecosystems are land use change, climate change, deforestation and extractive activities. The main threats to its continental water ecosystems relate to pollution, degradation, damming and overfishing... More »

Measures to Enhance Implementation of the Convention

Implementation of the NBSAP

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Peru completed its first National Biodiversity Strategy in 2001. Its principal achievements included the generation of environmental management tools, including the development of regional biodiversity strategies; strengthening the national legal framework; strengthening in situ conservation strategies; implementing mechanisms for information exchange, and increased sectoral initiatives in tourism, agrobiodiversity and trade (food)... More »

Actions taken to achieve the 2020 Aichi Biodiversity Targets

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Protected areas currently cover 17% of the national territory, including 10 protected areas in the marine and coastal environment (the Guano Islands, Isles and Capes National Reserve System has been recently created)... More »

Support mechanisms for national implementation (legislation, funding, capacity-building, coordination, mainstreaming, etc.)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Biodiversity value and conservation are enshrined in Article 68 of Peru's Constitution. In 1997, Peru adopted the Law on the Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity... More »

Mechanisms for monitoring and reviewing implementation

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

A comprehensive system for monitoring and reviewing NBSAP implementation does not exist at the moment.

National Contacts

Full details of national contacts »

Convention on Biological Diversity

Mme Liliam Ballon Sanchez de Amezaga
CBD Primary NFP
Mr. Gabriel Quijandría Acosta
CBD Primary NFP
Mr. Arrascue Ruddy Tena
CEPA Informal Advisory Committee
Ms. Betty Millán Salazar
GTI NFP
Ms. Roxana Solis Ortiz
CHM NFP
Sra. Dora Velásquez Milla
Traditional Knowledge NFP
Mr. Pedro Gamboa Moquillaza
Protected Areas NFP

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Sr. José Álvarez Alonso
Cartagena Protocol Primary NFP, BCH NFP

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