The Conference of the Parties (COP) to the Convention on Biological Diversity and the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Nagoya Protocol first addressed the issue of digital sequence information (DSI) on genetic resources at their respective meetings held in December 2016.
In December 2023, at its fifteenth meeting, the COP decided to establish a multilateral mechanism for benefit-sharing from the use of DSI on genetic resources. The COP also established the Ad Hoc Open-ended Working Group on Benefit-sharing from the Use of DSI on Genetic Resources to undertake further development of the multilateral mechanism (decision 15/9)
. Digital sequence information on genetic resources was also included in Goal C
and Target 13
of the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework