Access and benefit sharing projects financed by GEF

Consolidated guidance on access and benefit sharing
  1. Projects that support the ratification and implementation of the Nagoya Protocol on access to genetic resources and benefit sharing;
  2. Building the capacity to develop, implement and enforce domestic legislative, administrative or policy measures on access and benefit-sharing, thereby contributing to the conservation of biological diversity and sustainable use of its components, including through: (i) Identification of relevant actors and existing legal and institutional expertise for the implementation of the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable of Benefits Arising from their Utilization; (ii) Taking stock of domestic measures relevant to access and benefit-sharing in light of the obligations of the Nagoya Protocol; (iii) Development and/or amendment of access and benefit-sharing legislative, administrative or policy measures with a view to implementing their obligations under the Nagoya Protocol; (iv) Establishment of ways to address transboundary issues; (v) Establishment of institutional arrangements and administrative systems to provide access to genetic resources, ensure benefit-sharing, support compliance with prior informed consent and mutually agreed terms and monitor the utilization of genetic resources and traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources, including support for the establishment of check points;
  3. Building the capacity to negotiate mutually agreed terms to promote equity and fairness in negotiations in the development and implementation of access and benefit-sharing agreements, including through enhanced understanding of business models and intellectual property rights;
  4. Building the capacity of Parties to develop their endogenous research capabilities to add value to their own genetic resources and traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources through, inter alia, technology transfer; bioprospecting and associated research and taxonomic studies; and the development and use of valuation methods;
  5. Addressing the capacity needs and priorities of indigenous peoples and local communities and relevant stakeholders; in particular projects that would: (i) Encourage their participation in legal, policy and decision-making processes; (ii) Assist in building their capacity related to genetic resources and traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources, such as through the development of community protocols, model contractual clauses and minimum requirements for mutually agreed terms to secure the fair and equitable sharing of benefits;
  6. Enabling Parties to actively participate in the Access and Benefit-sharing Clearing-House and use the best available communication tools and Internet-based systems for access and benefit-sharing;
  7. Raising-awareness of the importance of genetic resources and traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources, and related access and benefit sharing issues, notably through the development and implementation of national and regional awareness-raising strategies;
  8. Making financial resources available to assist Parties in preparing their national report;
  9. Supporting the implementation of the strategic framework for capacity-building and development in support of the implementation of the Protocol.

GEF Report: UNEP/CBD/COP/13/14/Add.1, 2016: During the reporting period the GEF approved three country-based projects (Peru, Nepal and South Africa) in support of strengthening human resources, and the legal and institutional capacities to implement the Nagoya Protocol. GEF invested $9.0 million and leveraged $33.9 million in co-financing. The GEF also supported a regional project (Latin America and the Caribbean) on Impact Investment in Support of the Implementation of the Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit Sharing (funded by the non-grant instrument pilot) in the amount of $10 million and leveraging $48.3 million in co-financing.

  • Nepal: Strengthening Capacities for Implementation of the Nagoya Protocol in Nepal (IUCN: GEF US$1,376,147, co-finance $3,068,574, total $4,444,721)
  • Peru: Effective implementation of the Access and Benefit Sharing and Traditional Knowledge Regime in Peru in accordance with the Nagoya Protocol (UNEP: GEF $2.29 million, co-finance $8,665,800, total $10,955,800)
  • South Africa: Development of Value Chains for Products derived from Genetic Resources in Compliance with the Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit Sharing and the national Biodiversity Economy Strategy (UNDP: GEF US$6,392,694, co-finance 22,215,042, total $28,607,736)
  • Region (Latin America): Impact Investment in support of the Implementation of the Nagoya Protocol (IADB: GEF US$10.07 million, co-finance $48.3 million, total $58.73 million)

GEF Report UNEP/CBD/COP/12/14/Add.1, 16 July 2014
GEF invested $33.9 million and leveraged $67.4 million in co-financing. Two projects, one regional project in the Caribbean and one global project, supported early ratification of the Nagoya Protocol in a total of 35 countries.
  • Algeria: Framework on Access to Genetic Resources and Related Benefit Sharing and Traditional Knowledge in Line with the CBD and Its Nagoya Protocol in Algeria (UNDP; GEF-BD: $2.0 million; Co-finance: $4.2 million; Total cost: $6.2 million)
  • Bahamas: Strengthening Access and Benefit Sharing (ABS) (UNEP; GEF-BD total: $1.9 million; Co-finance: $1.6 million; Total project cost: $3.5 million)
  • Brazil: Capacity Building and Institutional Strengthening on the National Framework for Access and Benefit Sharing under the Nagoya Protocol (IADB; GEF-BD Total: $4.4 million; Co-finance: $4.4 million; Total project cost: $8.8 million)
  • Cameroon: A Bottom Up Approach to ABS: Community Level Capacity Development for Successful Engagement in ABS Value Chains in Cameroon (Echinops giganteus) (UNDP; GEF-BD: $500 thousand; GEF-NPIF: $440 thousand; Co-finance: $1.1 million; Total cost: $2.0 million)
  • China: Developing and Implementing the National Framework on Access and Benefit Sharing of Genetic Resources and Associated Traditional Knowledge (UNDP; GEF-BD Total: $4.4 million; Co-finance: $22.2 million; Total project cost: $26.7 million)
  • Ecuador: Conservation of Ecuadorian Amphibian Diversity and Sustainable Use of its Genetic Resources (UNDP; GEF-BD Total: $2.7 million; Co-finance: $11.5; Total project cost: $14.3 million)
  • Malaysia: Developing and Implementing a National Access and Benefit Sharing Framework (UNDP; GEF-BD total: $2.0 million; Co-finance: $5.8 million; Total project cost: $7.8 million)
  • Mexico: Strengthening of National Capacities for the Implementation of the Nagoya Protocol (UNDP; GEF-BD Total: $2.3 million; Co-finance: $8.4 million; Total project cost: $10.7 million)
  • Morocco: Developing a National Framework on Access to and Benefit-Sharing of Genetic Resources and Traditional Knowledge as a Strategy to Contribute to the Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity in Morocco (UNDP; GEF-BD total: $0.813 million; Cofinancing: $1.4 million; Total project cost: $2.2 million)
  • Regional (Cameroon, Namibia): A Bottom Up Approach to ABS Community Level Capacity Development for Successful Engagement in ABS Value Chains in Cameroon Echinops giganteus and Namibia Commiphora wildii (UNDP; GEF-BD total: $0.972 million; Co-finance: $1.1 million; Total project cost: $2.1 million)
  • Uzbekistan: Conservation and Sustainable Use of Agricultural Biodiversity to Improve Regulating and Supporting Ecosystem Services in Agriculture Production (UNEP; GEF-BD total: $1.2 million; Co-finance: $4.2 million; Total project cost: $5.4 million)
  • Vietnam: Capacity Building for the Ratification and Implementation of the Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit Sharing (UNDP; GEF-BD total: $2.0 million; Co-finance: $7.7 million; Total project cost: $9.7 million)
    Nagoya Protocol Implementation Fund (NPIF)
  • The Fund invested $12.5 million leveraging $30.6 million in co-financing in a total of 50 countries by means of eight country-based projects, three regional projects and one global project. One global project supported the entry into force of the Nagoya Protocol in 19 countries spanning three continents. With resources from the GEF Trust Fund and the NPIF, GEF supported early ratification of the Nagoya Protocol in 54 countries.
  • Argentina: Promoting the Application of the Nagoya Protocol on ABS (UNDP; GEF NPIF: $0.958 million; Co-finance: $3.0 million; Total cost: $4.0 million)
  • Bhutan: Implementing the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit Sharing (UNDP; GEF NPIF: $1 million; Co-finance: $2 million; Total cost: $3 million)
  • Cameroon: A Bottom Up Approach to ABS: Community Level Capacity Development for Successful Engagement in ABS Value Chains in Cameroon (Echinops giganteus) (UNDP; GEF-BD: $0.5 million; GEF-NPIF: $0.44 million; Co-finance: $1.1 million; Total cost: $2.0 million)
  • Colombia: The Development and Production of Natural Dyes in the Choco Region of Colombia for the Food, Cosmetics and Personal Care Industries Under the Provisions of the Nagoya Protocol (UNDP; GEF NPIF: $1 million; Co-finance: $1.5 million; Total cost: $2.5 million)
  • Cook Islands: Strengthening the Implementation of the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit Sharing in the Cook Islands (UNDP: 5613; GEF NPIF: $0.93 million; Co-finance: $1.5 million; Total cost: $2.4 million)
  • Costa Rica: Promoting the Application of the Nagoya Protocol through the Development of Nature-based Products, Benefit-sharing and Biodiversity Conservation (UNDP; GEF NPIF: $1 million; Co-finance: $4.6 million; Total cost: $5.6 million)
  • Fiji: Discovering Nature-based Products and Build National Capacities for the Application of the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit Sharing (UNDP; GEF NPIF: $1 million; Co-finance: $2.4 million; Total cost: $3.4 million)
  • Gabon: Implementation of National Strategy and Action Plan on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Accruing From Their Utilization (UNDP; GEF-NPIF: $0.913 million; Co-finance: $1.8 million; Total cost: $2.7 million)
  • Global: Global Support for the Entry into Force of the Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit Sharing (UNDP; GEF NPIF: $1 million; Co-finance: $0.627 million; Total cost: $1.6 million)
  • Kenya: Developing the Microbial Biotechnology Industry from Kenya's Soda Lakes in line with the Nagoya Protocol (UNEP; GEF NPIF: $0.913 million; Co-finance: $1.8 million; Total cost: $2.7 million)
  • Regional: Ratification and Implementation of the Nagoya Protocol for the Member countries of the Central African Forests Commission COMIFAC (UNEP; GEF NPIF: $1.8 million; Co-finance: $8.3 million; Total cost: $10.1 million)
  • Regional: Ratification and Implementation of the Nagoya Protocol in the Countries of the Pacific Region (UNEP; GEF NPIF: $1.8 million; Co-finance: $0.95 million; Total cost: $2.7 million)
  • Regional (Participating countries: Benin, Egypt, Lesotho, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Swaziland, Togo, Tunisia, Tanzania, Uganda): Supporting African Countries in Identifying Opportunities for Public-Private Partnerships during the Preparation of Early Ratification and Implementation of the Nagoya Protocol on ABS (UNEP; GEF NPIF: US$6.831 million; co-finance $4,322,500; total cost: 11,153,500)

GEF Report: UNEP/CBD/COP/11/8, 17 September 2012
  • Through regular project support (not including enabling activities) since its inception and through the period of GEF-4 the GEF has funded more than fifty-five projects for a total of $237 million in GEF grants to support ABS issues. The grants leveraged approximately $591 million in co-financing from various partners, a total of $ 828 million
  • Global: Capacity Building for the Early Entry into Force of the Protocol on Access and Benefit Sharing (UNEP, GEF US$944,750, co-financing US$1,051,650, total US$1,996,400)
  • Guatemala: Access to and Benefit Sharing and Protection of Traditional Knowledge to Promote Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Use (UNEP, GEF US$909,090, co-financing US$0.81 million, total US$1,719,090)
    Nagoya Protocol Implementation Fund (NPIF)
  • Contributions paid towards the NPIF as of June 30, 2012 amount to USD15.6 million. Panama: Promoting the application of the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit Sharing in Panama” (UNDP, GEF/NPIF US$1 million, co-financing US$3.42 million)

GEF Report: UNEP/CBD/COP/10/6, 2 August 2010
  • The GEF supported ABS through Enabling Activities in Morocco, Pakistan and Mozambique, with a total investment of $0.7 million. Hence, total investment in ABS mounted to $9.1 million of GEF resources. The GEF approved five projects during the reporting period for a total of $8.4 million which leveraged $10.4 million in co-financing
  • Ethiopia: Capacity Building for Access and Benefit Sharing and Conservation and Sustainable Use of Medicinal Plants (UNEP, GEF US$2.047 million, co-financing US$2.025 million, total US$4.072 million)
  • India: Strengthening the Implementation of the Biological Diversity Act and Rules with Focus on its Access and Benefit Sharing Provisions (UNEP, GEF US$3.561 million, co-financing US$6.228 million, total US$9.789 million)
  • Regional (Cameroon, Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique, Senegal, South Africa): Supporting the Development and Implementation of Access and Benefit Sharing Policies in Africa (UNEP, GEF US$1.177 million, co-financing US$795,950, total US$1,973,250)
  • Regional (Bolivia, Colombia, Costa Rica): Strengthening the Implementation of Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit-Sharing Regimes in Latin America and the Caribbean (UNEP, GEF US$0.85 million, co-financing US$0.6 million, total US$1.45 million)
  • Regional (Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam, Timor Leste, Brunei, Singapore) : Building Capacity for Regionally Harmonized National Processes for Implementing CBD Provisions on Access to Genetic Resources and Sharing of Benefits (UNEP, GEFUS$0.75 million, co-financing US$0.75 million, total US$1.5 million)

GEF Report: UNEP/CBD/COP/9/9, 2 May 2008
During the reporting period, no new ABS initiatives have been supported. During GEF-3, a number of regional proposals to pilot implementation of the Bonn Guidelines were awarded project preparation grants from the GEF but they did not eventuate into fully-fledged projects
Enabling Activities related to access and benefit-sharing have been supported through the National Capacity Self-Assessment in Armenia, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Central African Republic, Congo, Congo DR, Dominica, El Salvador, Estonia, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Guinea Bissau, Jamaica, Federal Republic of Micronesia, Panama, Samoa, Sudan, Uruguay and Zimbabwe, among others

GEF Report: UNEP/CBD/COP/8/10, 6 February 2006
More than 30 countries were in the process of assessing their capacity with regard to ABS issues with GEF support through existing enabling activities
Since its inception, the GEF has funded over fifty projects for a total of US$229 million in GEF grants to support ABS issues. The grants leveraged approximately US$580.1 million in co-financing from various partners

GEF Report: UNEP/CBD/COP/6/9, 12 February 2002
  • Twelve countries received GEF financing to undertake benefit sharing related enabling activities
  • Benin, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Kenya, Malawi, Mali, Uganda, and Zimbabwe: Community-based management of on-farm plant genetic resources in arid and semi-arid areas of Sub-Saharan Africa (UNEP, GEF US$0.75 million, total US$2.05 million)
  • Costa Rica: Ecomarkets (World Bank, GEF US$8.33 million, total US$49.2 million)
  • Zimbabwe: Conservation and sustainable use of traditional medicinal plants (UNDP, GEF financing US$1 million)

  • United Nations
  • United Nations Environment Programme